26  2012 . N 362


               
    "     
                        "

            9  2013 .
                       N 28047

         71     19  
1997 . N 60- "    "  (
  , 1997, N 12, . 1383;  1999,
N 28, . 3483; 2004, N 35, . 3607; N 45, . 4377;  2005,  N 13,
. 1078; 2006, N 30, . 3290, 3291;  2007,  N 1  (. I),  . 29;
N 27, . 3213; N 46, . 5554;  N 49,  . 6075;  N 50,  . 6239,
6244, 6245; 2008, N 29  (. I),  . 3418;  N 30(. II),  . 3616;
2009, N 1, . 17; N 29, . 3616; 2010, N 30, . 4014; 2011, N 7,
. 901; N 15, . 2019, 2023, 2024; N 30 (. I),  . 4590;  N 48,
. 6733; N 50, . 7351; 2012, N 25, . 3268; N 31, . 4318),  
       
   :
     1.           
"              
 ".
     2.        14
 2007 . N 109 "    
"           
" (      6    2007 .,
 N 10627)  .


                                                ..


                           ____________


                                                         


                    
    "     
                        "

                        I.  

     1.1.      "  
     " (  -
)            
    ,         
 ,     10  "
"           ,
  ,   PANS ATM Doc
4444,           
         
    ( -  )
        (  )
( -  )      ,
        ,        
     ,    
        
   .
     1.2.             
            
,             
          
    ,         
 ,           
  .
     1.3.             
               
                     
    ,   
   ,        ,      
        
             
 .

                   II.   

     2.1.        
,     ( - ) 
     ,     ,
      ,        
 -                
()    ().
     2.1.1.        ,      
    ,   ,  
  "-"       .   
    .
     2.1.2.            
         ,       
  ,            
      ,  . . 
 (: ILS, QNH, RVR).
     2.1.3.    ,          
      
             
()           
      ()    (-),   
             
   -, ,    
    ,   -    
            
 (       
).
                
         -,    
       
 -.
     2.1.4.            
      :
                 
  ,       
      ,      
    ;
        ,       
100   ;
           ;
             ()
        .
     2.1.5.         
              ()
      
   ().
     2.2.   ,         
    ,     
 ,  ,    
  ,       ,  
 :

|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
||      |,||         |
|     |           |   | |              |
|          |           |      |             |              |
|          |           |     |             |              |
|          |           |     |             |              |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    1     |     2     |     3       |      4      |      5       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|         |   Alfa    |         |            |          |
|          |  (Alpha)  |             |             |              |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|         |   Bravo   |        |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    C     |  Charlie  |        |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    D     |   Delta   |        |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    E     |   Echo    |          |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    F     |  Foxtrot  |     |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    G     |   Golf    |         |            |      |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    H     |   Hotel   |        |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    I     |   India   |        |            |          |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    J     |  Juliett  |      |            |   |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    K     |   Kilo    |         |            |    |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    L     |   Lima    |         |            |        |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    M     |   Mike    |         |            |        |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    N     | November  |     |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    O     |   Oscar   |        |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    P     |   Papa    |         |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    Q     |  Quebec   |        |            |          |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    R     |   Romeo   |        |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    S     |  Sierra   |        |            |         |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    T     |   Tango   |        |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    U     |  Uniform  |      |            |        |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    V     |  Victor   |       |            |          |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    W     |  Whiskey  |        |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    X     |   X-ray   |       |            |    |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    Y     |  Yankee   |         |            |           |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|
|    Z     |   Zulu    |         |            |       |
|----------|-----------|-------------|-------------|--------------|

     2.3.            
     .
                  
 (  ,      )  
    ,       
      100   
,             100
    .
     2.3.1.            
    :


|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       |     |  (  |
|   |                        |           |
|               |                        |   )   |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       1       |           2            |           3            |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       0       |          Zero          | (  )|
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       1       |          One           |          AH           |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       2       |          Two           |                      |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       3       |         Three          |                     |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       4       |          Four          |                    |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       5       |          Five          |                    |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       6       |          Six           |                    |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       7       |         Seven          |                   |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       8       |         Eight          |                     |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|       9       |         Nine           |                  |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|     |        Decimal         |                |
|        |                        |                        |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|            |        Hundred         |                 |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|
|         |       Thousand         |                 |
|---------------|------------------------|------------------------|

     2.3.2.            
  ,   ,    
 2.3.3  .
     2.3.3.            ,
 ,          (RVR),
      ,    
 ,     ,   ,
,   HUNDRED  THOUSAND.
             
  ,   ,      
 THOUSAND,      ,        
HUNDRED.
                
 HUNDRED, : FLIGHT LEVEL ONE HUNDRED.
     2.3.4.                
  -        ,  
 ,   ,     .
     2.4.             
    .      ,     
   ,    .
     2.4.1.       
  -  (UTC).
     2.4.2.       
          
  (  )    .  
             
.
     2.5.       ,  ,
   ,    :


|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|                  |  /   |                             |
|   /    |   |                     |
|                  |     |                             |
|                  |           |                             |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|        1         |       2        |             3               |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|       |ACKNOWLEDGE     |,      |
|                  |                |           |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|       |AFFIRM          |                           |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|,         |APPROVED        |     |
|         |                |               |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|             |BREAK           |     -|
|                  |                |     -|
|                  |                |.  ,   |
|                  |                |    |
|                  |                |       |
|                  |                |                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|        |BREAK BREAK     |          |
|                  |                |  ,|
|                  |                |       |
|                  |                |      |
|                  |                |       |
|                  |                |                     |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|           |CANCEL          |    |
|                  |                |                 |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|          |CHECK           |       -|
|                  |                |. (,  ,|
|                  |                |  .)      |
|                  |                |   |
|                  |                |                     |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|         |CLEARED         |   |
|                  |                |   |
|                  |                |                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|       |CONFIRM         |   |
|                  |                |(,        ,|
|                  |                |, )        |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|         |CONTACT         |  ...   |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|         |CORRECT         | ""  ""|
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|       |CORRECTION      |          (|
|                  |                |   )   |
|                  |                |  .   |
|                  |                |            |
|                  |                |...                 |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|    |DISREGARD       |         |
|          |                |                             |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|        |HOW DO YOU READ |           |
|                  |                |?                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|          |I SAY AGAIN     |        |
|                  |                |                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|,     |MAINTAIN        |    |
|,         |                |   |
|        |                |         ,|
|                  |                |:       "|
|                  |                |     |
|                  |                |() ( )"        |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|     |MONITOR         |       |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|               |NEGATIVE        |"",  " ", |
|                  |                |"  "          |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|        |OUT             |    |
|                  |                |  .    "|
|                  |                |"   |
|                  |                |                |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|         |READ BACK       |           |
|                  |                |          |
|                  |                |   ,  |
|                  |                |                  |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
| , |RECLEARED       |         |
|    |                | ,    |
|                  |                |      |
|                  |                |   |
|                  |                |                  |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|          |REPORT          |        |
|                  |                |...                |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|             |REQUEST         |"   ..."   |
|                  |                | "   ..." |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|             |ROGER           |      |
|                  |                |.          |
|                  |                |            |
|                  |                |        |
|                  |                |,             |
|                  |                |""       |
|                  |                |   ()    |
|                  |                | ()   |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|         |SAY AGAIN       |     |
|                  |                |          |
|                  |                |                     |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
| |SPEAK SLOWER    |    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|             |STANDBY         |,   .         |
|                  |                |    ,    |
|                  |                |,      ,|
|                  |                |   . |
|                  |                |""      -|
|                  |                |             |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|  ,|UNABLE          |         |
|      |                |,          |
|         |                |                   |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|          |WILCO           | " ". |
|                  |                |      |
|                  |                |                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|     |WORDS TWICE     |)  :              |
|     |                |  .   -|
|             |                |     |
|    |                | .                 |
|                  |                |)  :           |
|                  |                |        ,|
|                  |                |     |
|                  |                |        |
|                  |                |           |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|   |PASS YOUR       |    |
|         |MESSAGE         |.     -|
|                  |                |   ,   |
|                  |                |                      |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|             |POSITION        |     :  "|
|                  |                |         |
|                  |                |,    |
|                  |                |?"                     |
|                  |                |     :|
|                  |                |"        - |
|                  |                |"                    |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|
|          |                |        |
|                  |                |""        |
|                  |                |   |
|                  |                |.     |
|                  |                | :                |
|                  |                |- "  "  |
|                  |                |:  "Unable to approve"|
|                  |                |           ,|
|                  |                |: "Unable to approve,|
|                  |                |snow  removal   in  progress,|
|                  |                |expect   one  hour  delay"  -|
|                  |                |"   ,  |
|                  |                |     ,    |
|                  |                |  ";            |
|                  |                |- "   "   |
|                  |                |:  "go  around, runway|
|                  |                |is   occupied" - "  |
|                  |                | ,  ";    |
|                  |                |- "  ",   |
|                  |                |  ,     |
|                  |                |  , |
|                  |                |:    "Hold   position,|
|                  |                |cancel take-off, i say again,|
|                  |                |cancel  take-off - (reason)" |
|                  |                |- "   ,    |
|                  |                | , :  |
|                  |                |    (  |
|                  |                |)";                   |
|                  |                |- " ",    |
|                  |                |         |
|                  |                | , : "stop|
|                  |                |immediately (repeat  aircraft|
|                  |                |call        sign)        stop|
|                  |                |immediately" -    "|
|                  |                |,  :  |
|                  |                | ()";       |
|                  |                |- "   "   |
|                  |                |: "" - "stand|
|                  |                |by"        :|
|                  |                |"Give  way  to   MiG-29   and|
|                  |                |follow    him" -    "|
|                  |                | -29     |
|                  |                |"                         |
|------------------|----------------|-----------------------------|

     2.6.         
              (
)    ,         ,
   :


|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|                |                   | |
|        |           |      |
|                            |                   | |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|             1              |         2         |       3        |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|         |           |CONTROL         |
|          |                   |                |
|       (|                   |                |
|)                       |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   |             |APPROACH        |
|(),   |                   |                |
| (,  )    |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   | ()    |ARRIVAL         |
|   |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   | ()     |DEPARTURE       |
|    |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|          |              |TOWER           |
|                   |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|          |            |GROUND          |
|       |                   |                |
|         (|                   |                |
|)             |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|          |           |DELIVERY        |
|          |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|     ,|            |PRECISION       |
|     |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|    |         |INFORMATION     |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   -|             |APRON           |
|  |                   |                |
|                   |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|         |      |DISPATCH        |
|                    |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|          |              |RADIO           |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|     |               |RADAR           |
|(),   |                   |                |
| ()                  |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|      |              |START           |
|  (),   |                   |                |
|   (),    |                   |                |
|  ()  |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   |             |HOMER           |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|
|   |              |CONTROL         |
|(),       |                   |                |
|   |                   |                |
|()                      |                   |                |
|----------------------------|-------------------|----------------|

     2.6.1.       
   (  )      
    (  )
   .
     2.6.2.            
    ,    
      ,       
 ( )     
    .
     2.7.            
          
 :
       :
     )           
 ()      
( )        (:
-325);
     )   ,  , 
        (:
86535);
     )   ,      ,   
        (:
G-ABCD);
     )  -        
            
(:  F-KYRS);
        -   ,    
     ,      
.
     2.7.1.        
           
    :
               (:
86534) -     (: 534);
         (: G-ABCD  
 F-KYRS) -          (:
G-CD  -RS).
     2.7.2.           
,     (    
)        ,  
   .     
       ,    
()       .
     2.7.3.   ,      
   (  )      
 (:  -325),      
  .
     2.7.4.              
    ,        
     .
     2.8.    ,   
        ,        
 .
     :

                        
 BAW711             Speedbird          
                   SEVEN ONE ONE       
 AFR504              Air France           
                  FIVE ZERO FOUR

     2.8.1.               ,     
        ,   
  .
     :

                               
 DOB 9321               DELTA OSCAR              
                         BRAVO NINE              
                        THREE TWO ONE            
 OAL 242              OSCAR ALFA LIMA            
                       TWO FOUR TWO              

     2.9.        
  :
      - , ;
       -  (  - );
       -  ;
       (, , ) -  /;  ,
 "";
       - /; /.;
         ()  - /; ;
         - /;
          ()    (  
) - .;
         (  ) - .;
       - ;
       - ;
        ( ) - , ;
        -  . ., ; ;
      - .  ();
       -        ;
        ()    - .;
       -  .
     2.9.1.                   
                  
,            
,              
.
     2.10.          
        " -  ",      
  ,   :
     )   ;
     )         ""         ,
       ;
     )  ,      ,
    ;
     ) , ,    ;
     )   .
        :
      ()   ;
             
    ;
      (,   . .).
          :
               ()      
 ;
      ()  .
     2.10.1.        ,
   ,   ,    
  .
     2.10.2.   ,            
      ,         ()
  ,    
.
         .    
       
              
.
     2.10.3.                 ()
 ,       ,  
  ,      .
     2.10.4.      
       .        
 ,       ,      
      ,  
   .
     ,        
,                      
   .   
          
         .    
                
                
  .    
        ()  
.
     2.10.5.        
      200       
 ,              
                
     200     
          ,    
        ,       
        
         
  .
     2.10.6.    ,    
  ,              
 .
     2.11.         
()         ,  
   .
     2.11.1.        
           
,      .
     2.11.2.             
          
        ,  
   .
     2.11.3.              
      ,      
  ,     ,  
  .
     2.12.   ,       
,       
             
      ,  
  ,      2.12.2   
.
       ,            
 ,          
      .
     2.12.1.  ,    
,       
     30  ,    
 ,   ,    2.12.2
 .
                 
(  )       
         
 .
     2.12.2.   ,      
                
   (  ),   
          
             
           
            
        
          
          "      (
)".        
         
    ()  .        
 ,       
        
.
        "  (  )"  
              
         
         ,      
   ,          
  ,             
  ,          
          
.
         "    (  )"
               
            
        
        ()        
    ,      
  .
                 ()
,              
         .
               
               
   .
     2.12.3.   ,  
2.12    2.12.1    ,       
:
     )    ;
     ) ;
     ) ;
     )     ,        
 ,     ;
     )          
.
     2.12.4.  ,     ""  
2.12.3    ,          ,  
          ,    
    ,    
              ,
       ,    
      .
                     
           
 " - ".
     2.12.5.       ,          
  ,            
      .    
       
     " - "    ,
     .
     2.12.6.           
          (   
 - )          ,  
        (
)     .
     2.12.7.      (  ""  
2.12.3    )           
     ,      
          
     .
      ,                
      ,      
      ,   .
     2.13.           
   ,       
     (   ).
     2.13.1.    :
     )            
;
     )            ,
   ,   ,    ,  
 ;
     )   ,  ,   ,
 ,     ,  
     ,  ;
     )             ()
   ().
     2.13.2.       ,     
,     ,   
   ,      .
     2.13.3.         
 ,        ""  ("
"),        
 .
     2.13.4.         
,    ,        
,     ,   
"  " ("  "),   .
     2.13.5.               ()
          
     ,    
   ,         
    .
     2.14.         ,  
 " ",     
 ,     .
     2.14.1.         
 ,          
  " , ".
     2.14.2.         
 ,      
.
     2.14.3.                 ,
  "".        
,  : "  ... (  ,
  )";    "...   (   
 ) ... (      )";  
"        ...    (     ,     
)".
     2.14.4.           
  ,     
 "",     .
     2.15.           
               
  ,               
 .
     2.15.1.              
 (  ),      
  10 .    
     (, ,    . .)   
 .
     2.15.2.       
-    ()      
      :
     :
        ;
      ()  ;
     :
     " " ( );
     " " ( );
     " " ( ,  ).
     :
      ()  ;
       ;
        .
     2.15.3.          
        
:
     1 - ;
     2 -  ;
     3 - ,   ;
     4 - ;
     5 -  .

      III.       

     3.1.          
:
     )  - ,      ()
     ;
     )  - ,        
 ,     .
     3.1.1.    "MAYDAY"  ("")  
   "PAN PAN" (" ") 
         
 , .
               ,
   ,       
     
    .
     ,      ,     
        ,         
 ,      ,  
  .
     3.1.2.         
,                 
,    .
     3.1.3.       
,  ,      ,
              
  .
     3.1.4.            
              
     ,       
               
 ,         
       .
           
121,5 ,    - 2182   4125 .
                    
            /    
.
            
     .
     3.1.5.       
      ,        
   ,      
   ,        
     .
     3.1.6.   ,  ,     
 ,      :
     "" -  ,  ;
      ,   ;
        ,  ;
       ;
        ;
     ,    ()        
;
        .
     3.1.7.        ,      ,
         ,         
  :
     " " -  ,  ;
      ,   ;
        ;
       ;
        ;
     ,    ()        
;
        .
     3.2.          
        ,    
             
       2.11.3  
.               
             
,   .
     3.2.1.            
,        
 ,     " ".
     3.2.2.     , 
    ,          
               
    ,      
  "  ".         
.                
,         
 .
     3.3.         
()         ,
,   ,      
,   :
     )    ,        ,
          
 ;
     )            ()
           
.
     3.3.1.  ,    3.3   ,
  ,          ""
,   ,  , 
  ,      (),  ,  
,   .
     3.3.2.       
()  ,              
          
 ,       
    .
     3.4.                
  ,         
       
121,5 .
     3.4.1.           ,  
  ,         
 ()   .
     3.5.      ,  
           
(),             
      ,           ()
   ,   .    
          
      ,         
.
     3.6.               
,              
 ,     
      ,            
  ,            
.
             ()
 ,  ,  , 
  ,           ,
        ,            "
".
     3.6.1.               
        
        ,            ,
   ,   
.

       IV.      
                       

     4.1.       
 ,         
,           
             /   
 ( -  ).
     ,   ,     
           
  ,        -
       
,     .
     4.2.        ,   
              
                ,
       .
     4.3.             
 ,     ,  
 :
     "" -        
 (1, 2, 3  . .),     
,     ;
     "" (N) -  ;
     "" (N) -   (    
);
     "" (N) -   ;
     "" (N) -        
 ();
     ""  (N) -         
   ();
     ""   (N) -            
  ();
     "" (N) -   () ;
     "" (N) -  ;
     "" (N) -     .
     4.4.       ,              
  ,     
   ,    
 .
     4.5.         
      ,    
,        
.
     4.5.1.          
,        "".   ,
         ,
      .
     4.5.2.           
        
         ,  
          
   .
     4.5.3.          
      
    .
     4.6.            
     ,       
    .    
      .
     4.6.1.         
   ,   ,  
,              
      .
     4.6.2.        
      .
     4.6.3.       
,             
    ,     
    .

                   V.   

     5.1.         ,
,         
.              
         
.           
   ,         ,      
      ,
             
  .     
             
"" .
               ,        
         ,       
  ,  . .        ,
  .
            ,    ,
  ,       
,    .   ,
    ,   
,     .
                 .   
,     ,   ,
    ,    
 .
     5.2.      
        .        
,    (     
 )        
 ,    ,          
   .
         (    ,  
       )      
     /.
              
  (   ,         ,
 ).
         ,        
      .
     5.3.       ,
  ,              
.
     5.4.               
         
( - RVSM)         
   ,  ""   
      RVSM,        
     ""  1.1.12 
    :
     )               
  RVSM;
     )      ;
     )         
 .
     5.5.              
              
     RVSM.
     5.6.   ,  :   "      
 "   "      ",  
  ,    ()  ,  
 ,        
      .
            ,  -  
  ,        /
      
 .
                  
   :
     )  ;
     ) ;
     )     , :
     "-575,        -54,   
  ".
      ,   ,   
,         
, -    .
     5.7.                 
         
 ,            
 .
     5.8. ,    ,   , 
         
 (: ,     . .),    
 -  ,        
.
              
 ,      .


                            ___________


                                                    

                         

|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|1.1.                                                 |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|      |                 |     Phraseologies       |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.1 |)  ();       |a) FLIGHT LEVEL (number);|
|     |                            |or                       |
|        |) () ;       |) (number) METRES; or   |
| ( |) () .           |) (number) FEET.        |
|     |                            |                         |
|"()") |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.2.        |)  (           |a) CLIMB (or DESCEND);   |
|     |);                |followed as necessary by:|
|     |       |                         |
|        |:                    |                         |
|,       |1)                   |1) TO (level);           |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...   |2)   (      |2) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK |
|   |,  )   |(level) TO (level)       |
|  |          |                         |
|( )|()  ()      |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |3)   ()  |3) TO REACH (level) AT   |
|              |( ) (   |(or BY) (time or         |
|              |);                     |significant point);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |4)      |4) REPORT LEAVING (or    |
|              |( ,            |REACHING, or             |
|              |,             |PASSING)(level);         |
|              |) ();     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |5)   ()   |5) AT (number) METRES PER|
|              |   (  |SECOND (or FEET PER      |
|              | ) [ (     |MINUTE) [MINIMUM (or     |
|              |)];                 |MAXIMUM)];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |6)     |6) REPORT STARTING       |
| |( ).           |ACCELERATION (or         |
|  |                            |DECELERATION).           |
|     |)  (        |) MAINTAIN AT LEAST     |
|()         |, )    |(number) METRES (or FEET)|
|              | ()       |ABOVE (or BELOW)         |
|              |( )  ( ) |(aircraft call sign).    |
|              |(  );|                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)        |) REQUEST LEVEL (or     |
|              | (    |FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE)|
|              | )  ( |CHANGE FROM (name of     |
|              |) [ (        |unit) [AT (time or       |
|              | )];           |significant point)];     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (    |) STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT|
|              |)  ();     |AT (level);              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (   |) CONTINUE CLIMB (or    |
|              |) ();        |DESCENT) TO (level);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |e) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or    |
|              |( ) [          |DESCENT) [UNTIL PASSING  |
|              | ()];     |(level)];                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |) WHEN READY CLIMB (or  |
|              |( ) (); |DESCEND) TO (level);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)            |) EXPECT CLIMB (or      |
|              |()   |DESCENT) AT (time or     |
|              |( )  (  |significant point);      |
|              | );            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)           |*) REQUEST DESCENT AT   |
|              |();                    |(time);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |) ;              |j) IMMEDIATELY;          |
|   |                            |                         |
|     |)   (  |k) AFTER PASSING         |
|    |);                     |(significant point);     |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |)  (      |l) AT (time or           |
|         |);                     |significant point);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)              |m) WHEN READY            |
|       |();                 |(instruction);           |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)             |n) MAINTAIN OWN          |
|    |              |SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM |
| |   |(level)] [TO (level)];   |
|       |   [ ()]  |                         |
|  |[ ()];             |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|            )             |) MAINTAIN OWN          |
|   |              |SEPARATION AND VMC ABOVE |
||   |(or BELOW, or TO)        |
|   |    ( , |(level);                 |
|       |  ()];          |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|-  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)            |p) IF UNABLE             |
|       |( )  |(alternative             |
|      |;                   |instructions) AND        |
|  |                            |ADVISE;                  |
|,      |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |*)   ;      |*q) UNABLE;              |
|       |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*) TCAS RA;                |r) TCAS RA;              |
|        |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|        |) ;                   |s) ROGER;                |
|    |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|(RA)      |                            |                         |
|(   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| )|                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)  ,      |*t) CLEAR OF CONFLICT    |
|    |  (    |RETURNING TO (assigned   |
|      | );       |clearance);              |
| |                            |                         |
|RA        |)  (               |u) ROGER (or alternative |
|(   | );   |instructions);           |
|  |                            |                         |
| )|                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)         |*v) CLEAR OF CONFLICT    |
|    |[        |(assigned clearance)     |
|      |) ;             |RESUMED;                 |
| |                            |                         |
|RA       |)  (               |w) ROGER (or alternative |
| | );   |instructions);           |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|(   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| )|                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)   ,      |x) UNABLE, TCAS RA;      |
|     |RA TCAS;                    |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |) ;                   |y) ROGER;                |
| ,   |                            |                         |
|-  |                            |                         |
| RA , |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| RA |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|(   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| )|                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)  () [ |z) CLIMB TO (level)      |
|      |()    |[LEVEL RESTRICTION(S)    |
|()|( SID)) ()    |(SID designator)         |
|      |()     |CANCELLED (or) LEVEL     |
| |( SID)  () |RESTRICTION(S) (SID      |
|       |];                       |designator) AT (point)   |
|  |                            |CANCELLED];              |
|      |                            |                         |
| ( |                            |                         |
|- SID)     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)  ()    |aa) DESCEND TO (level)   |
|      |[ ()      |[LEVEL RESTRICTION(S)    |
|()| ( STAR)] |(STAR designator)        |
|      |() ()     |CANCELLED (or) LEVEL     |
| | ( STAR)  |RESTRICTION(S) (STAR     |
|       | ()  ()         |designator) AT (point)   |
|  |        |CANCELLED].              |
|      |].                       |                         |
| (|                            |                         |
|- STAR)    |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.3 |)   (    |a) CONTACT (unit call    |
|    |) () [];    |sign) (frequency) [NOW]; |
|/         |                            |                         |
|     |)  ( ) (    |b) AT (or OVER) (time or |
|       |) [ ]            |place) [or WHEN]         |
|              |[//  |[PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING|
|              | ()]       |(level)] CONTACT (unit   |
|              |  (       |call sign) (frequency);  |
|              |) ();          |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)        |c) IF NO CONTACT         |
|              |();                 |(instructions);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |d)             |d) STAND BY FOR (unit    |
|              |( )           |call sign) (frequency).  |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)          |*) REQUEST CHANGE TO    |
|              |();                  |(frequency);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |f) FREQUENCY CHANGE      |
|              |;                   |APPROVED;                |
|              |                            |                         |
|.   |)  (       |g) MONITOR (unit call    |
|    |) (    |sign) (frequency);       |
|    |) ();          |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| " |*)  (        |*h) MONITORING           |
| "  |) ();     |(frequency);             |
|  |                            |                         |
|, |)     |i) WHEN READY CONTACT    |
|-   | ( )         |(unit call sign)         |
|,      |();                  |(frequency);             |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |)       |j) REMAIN THIS           |
|      | (        |FREQUENCY.               |
|,       |).                     |                         |
|""|                            |                         |
|  |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|, | .       |transmission.            |
|        |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|.   |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|------------------------ |
|1.1.4   |                            |                         |
| 8,33  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
| . |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| "point"|                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  8,33|                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|-    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|,         |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|"decimal".    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)    |a) CONFIRM EIGHT POINT   |
| | ;               |THREE THREE;             |
|   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| 8,33  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)        |*b) AFFIRM EIGHT POINT   |
|      |  ;         |THREE THREE;             |
|   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| 8,33  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)      |*c) NEGATIVE EIGHT POINT |
|      | ;            |THREE THREE;             |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| 8,33  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)  ;         |d) CONFIRM UHF;          |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  ;        |*e) AFFIRM UHF;          |
|      |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  ;        |*f) NEGATIVE UHF;        |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)     |g) CONFIRM EIGHT POINT   |
|      |   ;  |THREE THREE EXEMPTED;    |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|8,33       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)    |*h) AFFIRM EIGHT POINT   |
|      |   ;  |THREE THREE EXEMPTED;    |
|       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|8,33       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)    |*i) NEGATIVE EIGHT POINT |
|      |  ;   |THREE THREE EXEMPTED;    |
|       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|8,33       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)    |j) DUE EIGHT POINT THREE |
| ,|   .  |THREE REQUIREMENT.       |
|           |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|,      |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
| /   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|, |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|          |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|------------------------ |
|1.1.5         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...   |)     |a) CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN |
|   |(  )    |TO (new call sign)       |
|- |( ) [        |[UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED]; |
| |         |                         |
|    |]                   |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |)  ,    |b) REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN |
|   |             |CALL SIGN (call sign)    |
|    |() [ (     |[AT (significant point)].|
|       |)]                     |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|          |                            |                         |
|,    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|------------------------ |
|1.1.6         |)  ( )      |a) TRAFFIC               |
|   |();               |(information);           |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)     |b) NO REPORTED TRAFFIC;  |
|      |(             |                         |
|   |);                  |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*) ;                 |*c) LOOKING OUT;         |
| |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |*)   (  |*d) TRAFFIC IN SIGHT;    |
|              | );             |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)   [];  |*e) NEGATIVE CONTACT     |
|              |                            |[reasons];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) []         |*f) [ADDITIONAL] TRAFFIC |
|              | () ( |(direction) BOUND        |
|              | ) () |(type of aircraft)       |
|              | ( )         |(level) ESTIMATED (or    |
|              |( )  (); |OVER) (significant       |
|              |                            |point) AT (time);        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  () |g) TRAFFIC IS            |
|              |    |(classification)         |
|              | ()     |UNMANNED FREE BALLOON(S) |
|              |[ ]  () |WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER  |
|              | ()       |(place) AT (time)        |
|              |(()) [      |REPORTED (level(s)) [or  |
|              |]         |LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING    |
|              |() (  |(direction) (other       |
|              |            |pertinent information,   |
|              |).                |if any).                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|------------------------ |
|1.1.7         |)  ()    |a) [SURFACE] WIND        |
|-  |() (         |(number) DEGREES (speed) |
| |);                 |(units);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( ) |b) WIND AT (level)       |
|              |()  ()    |(number) DEGREES         |
|              |   (       |(number) KILOMETRES PER  |
|              |).                     |HOUR (or KNOTS);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |      |Wind is always expressed |
|              |        |by giving the mean       |
|              |     |direction and speed and  |
|              |     |any significant          |
|              |         |variations thereof.      |
|              |;                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)  ()   |c) VISIBILITY (distance) |
|    |( )         |(units) [direction];     |
|         |[];              |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |)   ( |d) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE   |
|   |RVR) [ ()]          |(or RVR) [RUNWAY         |
| (    |() (       |(number)] (distance)     |
|- RVR)        |);                 |(unit of measurement);   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( |e) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE   |
|              |RVR)  ()      |(or RVR) RUNWAY (number) |
|              | ()         |NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT    |
|              |;                   |REPORTED);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( |f) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE   |
|              |RVR) [ ()] (  |(or RVR) [RUNWAY         |
|              |) ()         |(number)] (first         |
|              |( ),        |position) (distance)     |
|              |( ) () |(units), (second         |
|              |( ),        |position) (distance)     |
|              |( ) () |(units), (third          |
|              |( ).        |position) (distance)     |
|              |                            |(units);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |            |Multiple RVR             |
|              | RVR        |observations are always  |
|              |   |representative of the    |
|              |       |touchdown zone, midpoint |
|              |,     |zone and the             |
|              |           |roll-out/stop end zone   |
|              |        |respectively.            |
|              |/.              |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |  ,   |Where reports for three  |
|              |          |locations are given, the |
|              |,    |indication of these      |
|              |   ,   |locations may be         |
|              |     |omitted, provided that   |
|              |                   |the reports are passed   |
|              |:     |in the order of          |
|              |,     |touchdown zone, followed |
|              |           |by the midpoint zone and |
|              |        |ending with the roll-    |
|              |/;              |out/stop end zone        |
|              |                            |report.                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|...       |)        |g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE   |
|,  |(RVR) [ ()] ( |(or RVR) [RUNWAY         |
|  RVR |) ()         |(number)] (first         |
|       |( ),        |position) (distance)     |
|       |( ) () |(units), (second         |
|,  | , ( |position)                |
| |) ()         |NOT AVAILABLE,           |
|       |( );        |(third position)         |
|- |                            |(distance) (units);      |
|           |                            |                         |
|-|)  (        |h) PRESENT WEATHER       |
|         |);                    |(details);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (,  |i) CLOUD (amount,        |
|              |[()]        |[(type)] and height of   |
|              |) (           |base) (units) (or SKY    |
|              |) ( ).      |CLEAR);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) CAVOK (         |j) CAVOK;                |
|              |)                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |AVOK        |CAVOK pronounced         |
|              |--;                  |CAV-O-KAY.               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  []      |k) TEMPERATURE [MINUS]   |
|              |() (/     |(number) (and/or         |
|              |[] ());           |DEWPOINT [MINUS]         |
|              |                            |(number));               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) QNH () [     |l) QNH (number) [units]; |
|              |];                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) QFE () [(    |m) QFE (number)          |
|              |)];                |[(units)];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (  )   |n) (aircraft type)       |
|              | ()       |REPORTED (description)   |
|              | (            |ICING (or TURBULENCE)    |
|              |) [ ] |[IN CLOUD](area) (time); |
|              |() ();            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |o) REPORT FLIGHT         |
|              |(   ).     |CONDITIONS.              |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.8 |)   ( |a) NEXT REPORT AT        |
|    |) ( ); |(significant point);     |
||                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)           |b) OMIT POSITION REPORTS |
|     | [          |[UNTIL (specify)];       |
|    |()];                 |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
||)       |c) RESUME POSITION       |
|  |  . |REPORTING.               |
|   |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.9         |)  (       |a) REPORT PASSING        |
||);                     |(significant point);     |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)  ()    |b) REPORT (distance)     |
|       | () (GNSS   |MILES (GNSS or DME) FROM |
|    |DME)  (       |(name of DME station)    |
|    | DME) (   |(or significant point);  |
|    |);                     |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*) ()   |*c) (distance) MILES     |
|      |() (GNSS  DME)     |(GNSS or DME) FROM (name |
|    |(  DME)  |of DME station) (or      |
|    |(  );       |significant point);      |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |)       |d) REPORT PASSING (three |
|    | ( ) VOR     |digits) RADIAL (name     |
|              |( VOR);         |of VOR) VOR;             |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)        |e) REPORT (GNSS or DME)  |
|       |(GNSS  DME)  ( |DISTANCE FROM            |
|      |)  (    |(significant point) or   |
|    | DME);               |(name of DME station);   |
|        |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*) ()   |*f) (distance) MILES     |
|       |() (GNSS  DME)     |(GNSS or DME) FROM (name |
|      |(  DME)  |of DME station) (or      |
|    |(  ).       |significant point).      |
|       |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.10        |) [()]  (       |a) [(location)] RUNWAY   |
|  |) ()             |SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY |
|     |();                |(number) (condition);    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) [()]       |b) [(location)] RUNWAY   |
|              |  (        |SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY |
|              |) ()   |(number) NOT CURRENT;    |
|              |;                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) LANDING SURFACE       |
|              |();                |(condition);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ,   |d) CAUTION CONSTRUCTION  |
|              | ();             |WORK (location);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (       |e) CAUTION (specify      |
|              |)  ( ),|reasons) RIGHT (or       |
|              |(   )   |LEFT), (or BOTH SIDES)   |
|              |[];                    |OF RUNWAY [number];      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ,        |f) CAUTION WORK IN       |
|              | ( )    |PROGRESS (or             |
|              |(     |OBSTRUCTION) (position   |
|              |);              |and any necessary        |
|              |                            |advice);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |g) RUNWAY REPORT AT      |
|              |( )  ( |(observation time)       |
|              |) () (        |RUNWAY (number) (type of |
|              |)  ( )  |precipitant) UP TO       |
|              |.   |(depth of deposit)       |
|              |  (     |MILLIMETRES. BRAKING     |
|              |   ,    |ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM   |
|              | ,        |TO GOOD, or MEDIUM, or   |
|              |  ,        |MEDIUM TO POOR, or POOR  |
|              |,  )     |or UNRELIABLE) [and/or   |
|              |[/           |BRAKING COEFFICIENT      |
|              | (    |(equipment and number)]; |
|              |)];                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (          |h) BRAKING ACTION        |
|              | )           |REPORTED BY (aircraft    |
|              |    |type) AT (time) GOOD (or |
|              |()  (        |MEDIUM, or POOR);        |
|              |,  );       |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   |i) BRAKING ACTION        |
|              |[()] (     |[(location)] (measuring  |
|              |               |equipment used), RUNWAY  |
|              |),  ()  |(number), TEMPERATURE    |
|              | []         |[MINUS] (number), WAS    |
|              |(), WAS ()   |(reading) AT (time);     |
|              |();                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( ) ()     |j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY)   |
|              | [ ,        |(number) WET [or DAMP,   |
|              | ,   |WATER PATCHES, FLOODED   |
|              |(),     |(depth), or SNOW         |
|              |(     |REMOVED (length and      |
|              |),  ,    |width as applicable), or |
|              |       |TREATED, or COVERED WITH |
|              |(  ,     |PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or  |
|              | ,    |WET SNOW, or COMPACTED   |
|              |,        |SNOW, or SLUSH, or       |
|              |,  ,       |FROZEN SLUSH, or ICE, or |
|              | ,     |ICE UNDERNEATH, or ICE   |
|              | ,  ,  |AND SNOW, or SNOWDRIFTS, |
|              |             |or FROZEN RUTS AND       |
|              |));                  |RIDGES));                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |k) TOWER OBSERVES        |
|              |(          |(weather information);   |
|              |);                |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   \ |l) PILOT REPORTS         |
|              |                 |(weather information).   |
|              |(          |                         |
|              |);                |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.11        |) (    |a) (specify visual or    |
|-| )   |non-visual aid) RUNWAY   |
|  |() (           |(number) (description of |
|   |);             |deficiency);             |
|  |                            |                         |
|       |) ()                |b) (type) LIGHTING       |
|              |();            |(unserviceability);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) GBAS/SBAS/MLS/ILS        |c) GBAS/SBAS/MLS/ILS     |
|              | ()       |CATEGORY (category)      |
|              |(               |(serviceability state);  |
|              |);              |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (        |d) TAXIWAY LIGHTING      |
|              |);             |(description of          |
|              |                            |deficiency);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (    |e) (type of visual       |
|              | )      |approach slope           |
|              |() (           |indicator) RUNWAY        |
|              |).             |(number) (description of |
|              |                            |deficiency).             |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.12  |                            |                         |
|             |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|( - RVSM)|                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |)     |a) CONFIRM RVSM          |
| ,     |RVSM;                       |APPROVED;                |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| RVSM   |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  RVSM;       |*b) AFFIRM RVSM;         |
|    |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| RVSM   |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*) RVSM         |*c) NEGATIVE RVSM        |
|   |[(            |[(supplementary          |
|    |, ,       |information, e. g. State |
|  |    |aircraft)];              |
| RVSM,  |)];                    |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |)      |d) UNABLE ISSUE          |
|             |      |CLEARANCE INTO RVSM      |
| |RVSM HE ,   |AIRSPACE, MAINTAIN [or   |
|  |[ ,         |DESCEND TO, or CLIMB TO] |
|         |] ();       |(level));                |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|RVSM          |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  RVSM HE     |*) UNABLE RVSM DUE      |
|    |  ( -) |TURBULENCE;              |
| ,  |;             |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
| RVSM |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  RVSM HE     |*f) UNABLE RVSM DUE      |
|    |  ( -) |EQUIPMENT;               |
|,       |:               |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|            |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |) ,    |g) REPORT WHEN ABLE TO   |
|  | RVSM;          |RESUME RVSM;             |
|         |                            |                         |
|,   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| RVSM |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| RVSM   |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)    |h) CONFIRM ABLE TO RESUME|
| | RVSM;        |RVSM;                    |
| ,     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| RVSM |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| RVSM   |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)        |*i) READY TO RESUME RVSM.|
|    |RVSM.                       |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
| RVSM  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|,|                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
| -|                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.13  |a) GNSS      |a) GNSS REPORTED         |
|  |( GNSS            |UNRELIABLE (or GNSS MAY  |
|GNSS          | [-  |NOT BE AVAILABLE [DUE TO |
|              |(  GPS        |INTERFERENCE (BY GPS (or |
|              |  +GPS)]); |GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS   |
|              |                            |CONSTELLATION)]);        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |1)   ()    |1) IN THE VICINITY OF    |
|              |() [ ()]   |(location) (radius)      |
|              |                         |[BETWEEN (levels)]; or   |
|              |2)   (       |2) IN THE AREA OF        |
|              | ) [        |(description or name)    |
|              |()];                  |[BETWEEN (levels)];      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  GNSS ( SBAS,  |b) BASIC GNSS (or SBAS,  |
|              | GBAS)) [     |or GBAS)) [BY GPS (or    |
|              |GPS            |GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS)  |
|              |+GPS]              |CONSTELLATION]           |
|              |  ( |UNAVAILABLE FOR (specify |
|              |) [ ()      |operation) [FROM (time)  |
|              |() (              |TO (time) (or UNTIL      |
|              | )]; |FURTHER NOTICE)];        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  GNSS [        |*c) BASIC GNSS [BY GPS or|
|              | GPS     |GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS   |
|              | +GPS]          |CONSTELLATION]           |
|              | [-       |UNAVAILABLE [DUE TO      |
|              |(, ,   |(reason, e. g. LOSS OF   |
|              |RAIM         |RAIM or RAIM ALERT) (or  |
|              | RAIM) (     |ANOMALY)];               |
|              |)];                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) GBAS ( SBAS) [     |*d) GBAS (or SBAS) [BY   |
|              | GPS     |GPS or GLONASS or        |
|              | +GPS]          |GLONASS+GPS              |
|              |.             |CONSTELLATION]           |
|              |                            |UNAVAILABLE.             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.1.14        | RNP       |UNABLE RNP (specify type)|
|     |( ) ( RNAV)    |(or RNAV) [DUE TO        |
| |( RNP ( ) ( |(reason, e. g. LOSS of   |
| |RNAV)       |RAIM or RAIM ALERT)].    |
|     |[- (, ,  |                         |
|         | RAIM  |                         |
|              | RAIM)].        |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2                                 |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.1   |) ( )    |a) (name of unit) CLEARS |
|    | (         |(aircraft call sign);    |
|              | );          |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (      |b) (aircraft call sign)  |
|              |) ;            |CLEARED TO;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |c) RECLEARED (amended    |
|              |(     |clearance details) [REST |
|              |) [      |OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED]; |
|              |           |                         |
|              |];                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |d) RECLEARED (amended    |
|              |(          |route portion) TO        |
|              |)  (      |(significant point of    |
|              |        |original route) [REST OF |
|              |) [   |CLEARANCE UNCHANGED];    |
|              |  ];    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |e) ENTER CONTROLLED      |
|              | (           |AIRSPACE (or CONTROL     |
|              | ) [ |ZONE) [VIA (significant  |
|              |(           |point or route)] AT      |
|              |)]  () [   |(level) [AT(time)];      |
|              |()];                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)                |f) LEAVE CONTROLLED      |
|              |             |AIRSPACE (or CONTROL     |
|              | (           |ZONE) [VIA (significant  |
|              | ) [ |point or route)] AT      |
|              |(           |(level) (or CLIMBING, or |
|              |)]  () ( |DESCENDING);             |
|              | ,              |                          |
|              |);                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |g) JOIN (specify) AT     |
|              |()  (       |(significant point) AT   |
|              |)  () [      |(level) [AT (time)].     |
|              |()].                   |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.2 |)  ()  ();   |a) FROM (location) TO    |
|     |                            |(location);              |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |)  (),      |b) TO (location),        |
|    | :      |followed as necessary by:|
|              |                            |                         |
|              |1) ;                   |1) DIRECT;               |
|              |2)  ( /     |2) VIA (route and/or     |
|              | );            |significant points);     |
|              |3)        |3) VIA FLIGHT PLANNED    |
|              |.                   |ROUTE;                   |
|              |4)  ()   |4) VIA (distance) DME ARC|
|              |DME ()           |(direction) OF (name of  |
|              |(  DME); |DME station);            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ()    |c) (route) NOT AVAILABLE |
|              |        |DUE (reason)             |
|              |()          |ALTERNATIVE[S] IS/ARE    |
|              |[] ()       |(routes) ADVISE.         |
|              | .         |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.3         |)  (        |a) MAINTAIN (level) [TO  |
|  |, )       |(significant point)];    |
|     |() [ (     |                         |
|       |)];                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |b) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL|
|              |, )       |PASSING (significant     |
|              |()      |point);                  |
|              |( );           |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |c) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL|
|              |, )       |(minutes) AFTER PASSING  |
|              |()  ()  |(significant point);     |
|              | (       |                         |
|              |);                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |d) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL|
|              |, )       |(time);                  |
|              |()  ();       |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |e) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL|
|              |, )       |ADVISED BY (name of      |
|              |()        |unit);                   |
|              |  (   |                         |
|              |);                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |f) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL|
|              |, )       |FURTHER ADVISED;         |
|              |()       |                         |
|              |;                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |g) MAINTAIN (level) WHILE|
|              |, )       |IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE;  |
|              |()    |                         |
|              |     |                         |
|              |;               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |h) MAINTAIN BLOCK (level)|
|              |, )      |TO (level).              |
|              |  ()    |                         |
|              |().                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |  ""    |Note.- The term          |
|              |        |"MAINTAIN" is not to be  |
|              |              |used in lieu of "DESCEND"|
|              |""  " |or "CLIMB" when          |
|              |"          |instructing an aircraft  |
|              |     |to change level.         |
|              | .           |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.4 |)  ( ) |a) CROSS (significant    |
|   |( )  (    |point) AT (or ABOVE, or  |
|      |,  ) ();  |BELOW) (level);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( ) |b) CROSS (significant    |
|              |( )  ()  |point) AT (time) OR LATER|
|              |  ( )  |(or BEFORE) AT (level);  |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |c) CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN  |
|              |      |(levels) (or ABOVE       |
|              |() (          |(level));                |
|              |());                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   () |d) CROSS (distance)      |
|              | () (GNSS   |KILOMETRES (MILES), (GNSS|
|              |DME) [()]      |or DME) [(direction)] OF |
|              |(  DME)  |(name of DME station) OR |
|              | ()            |(distance) [(direction)] |
|              |[()]             |OF (significant point) AT|
|              | ( )  ( |(or ABOVE or BELOW)      |
|              |,  ) ().  |(level).                 |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.5         |*)        |*a) EMERGENCY DESCENT    |
|     |();                |(intentions);            |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |)   ,    |b) ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT|
|              |  [ ]  |IN THE VICINITY OF [or   |
|              |(   )  |AT] (significant point or|
|              |     |location) EMERGENCY      |
|              |  ()        |DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM |
|              |(,  ,  |(level) (followed as     |
|              |           |necessary by specific    |
|              |, ,       |instructions, clearances,|
|              |        |traffic information,     |
|              |. .).                     |etc.).                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.6     |   (  |EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type|
|  | ) ().    |of clearance) AT (time). |
|     |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.7     |  ,  |UNABLE, TRAFFIC          |
|  |() (          |(direction) BOUND (type  |
|  | ) ()  |of aircraft) (level)     |
|     | ( )         |ESTIMATED (or OVER)      |
|        |( )  ()  |(significant point) AT   |
|              | ()         |(time) CALL SING (call   |
|              |  .      |sing) ADVISE INTENTIONS. |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.8 |)   ( |a) CROSS (significant    |
|            |)  () [  |point) AT (time) [OR     |
||(  )];          |LATER (or OR BEFORE)];   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |b) ADVISE IF ABLE TO     |
|              | ( )   |CROSS (significant point)|
|              |(  );        |AT (time or level);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) MAINTAIN MACH (number)|
|              |() [  (    |[OR GREATER (or OR LESS)]|
|              | )] [ (  |[UNTIL                   |
|              |)];                    |(significant point)];    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |d) DO NOT EXCEED MACH    |
|              |().                    |(number).                |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.2.9         |)       |a) ADVISE IF ABLE TO     |
|,     |         |PROCEED PARALLEL OFFSET; |
|    |;                  |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|(),  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |)       |b) PROCEED OFFSET        |
|              |() /   |(distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF |
|              | () ( )   |(route) (track) [CENTRE  |
|              |[ ] [ ( |LINE] [AT (significant   |
|              |  )] [       |point or time)] [UNTIL   |
|              |(           |(significant point or    |
|              |)];                    |time)];                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |c) CANCEL OFFSET         |
|              | (        |(instructions to rejoin  |
|              |       |cleared flight route or  |
|              |     |other information).      |
|              | ).         |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.       ,     |
|                                     |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.1         |) [ ]   |a) [AFTER DEPARTURE] TURN|
|,     | ( )      |RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING  |
|    |( ) (     |(three digits) (or       |
|       |) (   )  |CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) |
|              | (      |(or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE|
|              |) [(   |LINE) TO (level or       |
|              | )];          |significant point)       |
|              |                            |[(other instructions as  |
|              |                            |required)];              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (  |b) AFTER REACHING (or    |
|              |,            |PASSING) (level or       |
|              |         |significant point)       |
|              |)                |(instructions);.         |
|              |(         |                         |
|              |) ();          |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )   |c) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT)  |
|              |( )  ()    |HEADING (three digits) TO|
|              |[   ( , |(level) [TO INTERCEPT    |
|              |,         |(track, route, airway,   |
|              |. .)];                    |etc.)];                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (          |d) (standard departure   |
|              |        |name and number)         |
|              |) [];            |[DEPARTURE];             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( )   |e) TRACK (three digits)  |
|              |[ ( )]  |DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or    |
|              |  ( )        |TRUE)] TO (or FROM)      |
|              |( )  (  |(significant point) UNTIL|
|              |   (  |(time, or REACHING (fix  |
|              |       |or significant point or  |
|              | )) [    |level)) [BEFORE          |
|              | ];                |PROCEEDING ON COURSE];   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)             |f) CLEARED VIA           |
|              |().              |(designation).           |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.2         |)  ( )  |a) CLEARED (or PROCEED)  |
|,     | ();        |VIA (designation);       |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |)   (     |b) CLEARED TO (clearance |
|              | )   |limit) VIA (designation);|
|              |();              |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )  |c) CLEARED (or PROCEED)  |
|              | (  |VIA (details of route to |
|              |  );     |be followed);            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (      |d) CLEARED (type of      |
|              |  ) [     |approach) APPROACH       |
|              |()];                   |[RUNWAY (number)];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (    |e) CLEARED (type of      |
|              |)  ()        |approach) RUNWAY (number)|
|              |    |FOLLOWED BY CIRCLING TO  |
|              |  ();             |RUNWAY (number);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   [      |f) CLEARED APPROACH      |
|              |()];                   |[RUNWAY (number)];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |g) COMMENCE APPROACH AT  |
|              |();                    |(time);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)        |*h) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN  |
|              |[(   )]   |[(type of approach)]     |
|              |[ ()];              |APPROACH [RUNWAY         |
|              |                            |(number)];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |i) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN   |
|              |[(   )]   |[(type of approach)]     |
|              |[ ()];              |APPROACH [RUNWAY         |
|              |                            |(number)];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ,    |j) REPORT VISUAL;        |
|              |;                      |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ,    |k) REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS]|
|              |[] ;                 |IN SIGHT;                |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |*)   ; |*l) REQUEST VISUAL       |
|   |                            |APPROACH;                |
|  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |)        |m) CLEARED VISUAL        |
|              |  ();          |APPROACH RUNWAY (number);|
|              |                            |                         |
|...     |)      |n) ADVISE ABLE TO ACCEPT |
|     |( , )        |VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY   |
|   |    |(number);                |
|        | ();                |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...    |)        |) CLEARED VISUAL        |
| |  (),          |APPROACH RUNWAY (number),|
|      |        |MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION  |
|    |  (      |FROM PRECEDING (aircraft |
|     |         |type and wake turbulence,|
|, |      |category as appropriate) |
|         |  )     |[CAUTION WAKE            |
|    |[            |TURBULENCE];             |
|        |  ];    |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|,     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |)  (       |p) REPORT (significant   |
|              |); [        |point); [OUTBOUND, or    |
|              |      |INBOUND];                |
|              |];               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)            |q) REPORT COMMENCING     |
|              | ;     |PROCEDURE TURN;          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)           |*r) REQUEST VMC DESCENT; |
|              |  ;             |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)             |s) MAINTAIN OWN          |
|              |              |SEPARATION;              |
|              |;             |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ;       |t) MAINTAIN VMC;         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |u) ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH |
|              | ();      |(name) APPROACH          |
|              |                            |PROCEDURE;               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)   (  |*v) REQUEST (type of     |
|              | ) [ ()];  |approach) APPROACH       |
|              |                            |[RUNWAY (number)];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)           |*w) REQUEST (MLS/RNAV    |
|              |(       |plain language           |
|              |MLS/RNAV);                  |designator);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( |x) CLEARED (MLS/RNAV     |
|              | MLS/RNAV).           |plain language           |
|              |                            |designator).             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.3         |)   [] |a) HOLD VISUAL [OVER]    |
|,   |(), (  (    |(position), (or BETWEEN  |
|    | ));       |(two prominent           |
|  |                            |landmarks));             |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |)  ( )  |b) CLEARED (or PROCEED)  |
|              | ( ,         |TO (significant point,   |
|              |         |name of facility or fix) |
|              | )          |[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB, or  |
|              |[ (          |DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD|
|              | ,        |[(direction)] AS         |
|              |) ()]      |PUBLISHED EXPECT APPROACH|
|              | [()]   |(or FURTHER CLEARANCE)   |
|              |               |(time);                  |
|              |        |                         |
|              |  (         |                         |
|              | )     |                         |
|              |();                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...         |* )         |*c) REQUEST HOLDING      |
||;                   |INSTRUCTIONS;            |
| |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)  ( )  |d) CLEARED (or PROCEED)  |
|     | ( ,         |TO (significant point,   |
|     |         |name of facility or fix) |
|  | )          |[MAINTAIN (or CLIMB, or  |
|      |[ (          |DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD|
|              | ,        |[(direction)]            |
|              |) ()]      |[(specified) RADIAL,     |
|              | [()]    |COURSE, INBOUND TRACK    |
|              |() , ,   |(three digits) DEGREES]  |
|              |   ( |[RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND    |
|              |)  ]          |PATTERN] [OUTBOUND TIME  |
|              |[ (        |(number) MINUTES] EXPECT |
|              |) ]       |APPROACH CLEARANCE (or   |
|              |[           |FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT    |
|              | () )     |(time) (additional       |
|              |        |instructions, if         |
|              | (        |necessary);              |
|              |)  () (  |                         |
|              |,              |                         |
|              | );   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( )  |e) CLEARED TO THE (three |
|              | () VOR    |digits) RADIAL OF THE    |
|              |()   |(name) VOR AT (distance) |
|              | DME [     |DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or    |
|              |(  ,   |CLIMB, or DESCEND TO)    |
|              |) ()]      |(level)] HOLD            |
|              | [()]    |[(direction)] [RIGHT (or |
|              |[ (        |LEFT) HAND PATTERN]      |
|              |) ]       |[OUTBOUND TIME (number)  |
|              |[           |MINUTES] EXPECT APPROACH |
|              | () ]     |CLEARANCE (or FURTHER    |
|              |        |CLEARANCE) AT (time)     |
|              |   (       |(additional instructions,|
|              | )     |if necessary);           |
|              |() ( , |                         |
|              | );   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( )  |f) CLEARED TO THE (three |
|              | () VOR    |digits) RADIAL OF THE    |
|              |()   |(name) VOR AT (distance) |
|              | DME      |DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or    |
|              |()  () |CLIMB or DESCEND TO)     |
|              |DME [ (    |(level)] HOLD BETWEEN    |
|              |) ]       |(distance) AND           |
|              |        |(distance) DME [RIGHT    |
|              |   (       |(or LEFT) HAND PATTERN]  |
|              | )     |EXPECT APPROACH          |
|              |(,) ( ,|CLEARANCE (or FURTHER    |
|              | ).   |CLEARANCE) AT (time)     |
|              |                            |(additional              |
|              |                            |instructions, if         |
|              |                            |necessary).              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.4         |)   ; |a) NO DELAY EXPECTED;    |
||                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |)       |b) EXPECTED APPROACH     |
|              |   ();  |TIME (time);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)                |c) REVISED EXPECTED      |
|              |   |APPROACH TIME (time);    |
|              |();                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |d) DELAY NOT DETERMINED  |
|              |().                  |(reasons).               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ()  |) EXPECT DELAY (time);  |
|              |          |                         |
|              |()                    |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.5         |  .   |SHOW LANDING LIGHTS.     |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.6         |)      |a) ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING |
|    | (           |AILERONS (or RUDDER);    |
| |);               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   |b) ACKNOWLEDGE BY        |
|              |   ;           |ROCKING WINGS;           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |c) ACKNOWLEDGE BY        |
|              | .             |FLASHING LANDING LIGHTS. |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.7   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*) [        |*a) [aircraft location]  |
|       | ]      |REQUEST START UP;        |
|  |;                     |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |*) [        |*b) [aircraft location]  |
|              | ]      |REQUEST START UP,        |
|              |,           |INFORMATION (ATIS        |
|              |( ATIS);         |identification);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...     |) ;                |c) START UP APPROVED;    |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |)  ();      |d) START UP AT (time);   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)            |e) EXPECT START UP AT    |
|              |()       |(time);                  |
|              |();                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)        |f) START UP AT OWN       |
|              |;                 |DISCRETION;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |g) EXPECT DEPARTURE      |
|              |()       |(time) START UP AT OWN   |
|              |.                 |DISCRETION.              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.8         |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|.   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|,    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|.       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |*) [        |*a) [aircraft location]  |
|/   | ]      |REQUEST PUSHBACK;        |
|           |;               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;   |b) PUSHBACK APPROVED;    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (       |c) STAND BY;             |
|              |);                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |d) PUSHBACK AT OWN       |
|              |;                 |DISCRETION;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |e) EXPECT (number)       |
|              |()      |MINUTES DELAY DUE        |
|              |().                  |(reason).                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.9  |**a)          |**a) REQUEST TOW [company|
|   | [        |name] (aircraft type)    |
|    |] (          |FROM (location) TO       |
|              | )         |(location);              |
|              |()  ();         |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)        |b) TOW APPROVED VIA      |
|     | (    |(specific routing to be  |
|              |);                |followed);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ;    |c) HOLD POSITION;        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (       |d) STAND BY.             |
|              |).                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |**          |** Denotes transmission  |
|              | "        |from aircraft/tow        |
|              |/".         |vehicle combination.     |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.10  |*)   ; |*a) REQUEST TIME CHECK;  |
|      |                            |                         |
| / |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |)  ();           |b) TIME (time);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)       |*c) REQUEST DEPARTURE    |
|-|;                     |INFORMATION;             |
| |                            |                         |
|ATIS        |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |)  (),        |d) RUNWAY (number), WIND |
|              |(  )    |(direction and speed     |
|              |( ), QNH    |(units) QNH (or QFE),    |
|              |( QFE) () [( |(number) [(units)]       |
|              |)],     |TEMPERATURE [MINUS]      |
|              |[] (), [ |(number), [VISIBILITY    |
|              |() (       |(distance) (units) (or   |
|              |) (    |RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or  |
|              |    RVR    |RVR) (distance) (units)] |
|              |() (       |[TIME (time)].           |
|              |)] [          |                         |
|              |()].                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |   RVR        |Note. - If multiple      |
|              |       |visibility and RVR       |
|              |,     |observations are         |
|              | ,      |available, those that    |
|              |     |represent the            |
|              |/  . |roll-out/stop end zone   |
|              |                            |should be used for       |
|              |                            |take-off.                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.11        |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |*) [  ]  |*a) [aircraft type]      |
|              |[   |[wake turbulence         |
|              |,  ""]      |category if "heavy"]     |
|              |[  |[aircraft location]      |
|              |]      |REQUEST TAXI             |
|              |()           |[intentions];            |
|              |[];                |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) [  ]  |*b) [aircraft type]      |
|              |[   |[wake turbulence         |
|              |,  ""]      |category if "heavy"]     |
|              |[  |[aircraft location]      |
|              |] ( )   |(flight rules) TO        |
|              |( )       |(aerodrome of            |
|              |            |destination) REQUEST     |
|              |()           |TAXI [intentions];       |
|              |[];                |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT |
|              |( )  |[number] [RUNWAY         |
|              |[] [ ()]       |(number)] [HOLD SHORT OF |
|              |[   () |RUNWAY (number) (or      |
|              |(          |CROSS RUNWAY             |
|              |())] [ ()];  |(number))][TIME (time)]; |
|              |                            |                         |
|...       |*) [  ]  |*d) [aircraft type]      |
|     |[   |[wake turbulence         |
|     |,  ""]      |category if "heavy"]     |
|    |    |REQUEST DETAILED TAXI    |
|       |;                    |INSTRUCTIONS;            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |e) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT |
|              |( )  |[(number)] [RUNWAY       |
|              |[] [ ()]  |(number)] VIA (specific  |
|              |(          |route to be followed)    |
|              |) [ ()] |[TIME (time)] [HOLD      |
|              |[   () |SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) |
|              |(          |(or CROSS RUNWAY         |
|              |())];                  |(number))];              |
|              |                            |                         |
|...     |)     |f) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT |
||( )  |[(number)] (followed by  |
|  |[()] (      |aerodrome information as |
|   |   |applicable) [TIME        |
|        | ) [        |(time)];                 |
||()];                   |                         |
|,   |                            |                         |
| ATIS |                            |                         |
|              |)  (           |g) TAKE (or TURN) FIRST  |
|              |)  (  |(or SECOND) LEFT (or     |
|              |)  (         |RIGHT);                  |
|              |);                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ()           |h) TAXI VIA              |
|              |( );           |(identification          |
|              |                            |of taxiway);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    (        |i) TAXI VIA RUNWAY       |
|              |) ();            |(number);                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    (    |j) TAXI TO TERMINAL (or  |
|              | , ,     |other location, e. g.    |
|              |    |GENERAL AVIATION AREA)   |
|              |) [   |[STAND (number)];        |
|              |()];                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)       |*k) REQUEST AIR-TAXIING  |
|       | ( )   |FROM (or VIA) TO         |
|    | ( )            |(location or routing as  |
|              |(     |appropriate);            |
|              |);                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA)  |
|              |() ( )   |(location or routing as  |
|              |(     |appropriate) [CAUTION    |
|              |) [ (,  |(dust, blowing snow,     |
|              |, ,      |loose debris, taxiing    |
|              |  ,     |light aircraft,          |
|              |  . .)];             |personnel, etc.)];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |m) AIR TAXI VIA (direct, |
|              |()(,        |as requested, or         |
|              |        |specified route) TO      |
|              | )  |(location, heliport,     |
|              |(, ,          |operating or movement    |
|              |         |area, active or inactive |
|              | ,            |runway). AVOID (aircraft |
|              |              |or vehicles or           |
|              | ).  |personnel);              |
|              | (        |                         |
|              |     |                         |
|              |);                      |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)   180      |*n) REQUEST BACKTRACK;   |
|       |;                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    180         |o) BACKTRACK APPROVED;   |
|              |;                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*) [(       |*q) [(aircraft           |
|   | )]          |location)] REQUEST TAXI  |
|              |   ( |TO (destination on       |
|              |  );   |aerodrome);              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ;     |r) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD;  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ,          |s) TAXI WITH CAUTION;    |
|              |;               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (    |t) GIVE WAY TO           |
|              |      |(description and         |
|              | );          |position of other        |
|              |                            |aircraft);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ();   |*u) GIVING WAY TO        |
|              |                            |(traffic);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ( )     |*v) TRAFFIC (or type of  |
|              |(   )  |aircraft) IN SIGHT;      |
|              |;                       |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |w) TAXI INTO HOLDING     |
|              |;                   |BAY;                     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (    |x) FOLLOW (description   |
|              |      |of other aircraft or     |
|              |            |vehicle);                |
|              |);                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (      |y) VACATE RUNWAY;        |
|              |);                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ( )       |z) RUNWAY VACATED;       |
|              |;                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |aa) EXPEDITE TAXI        |
|              |[()];                |[(reason)];              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) ;               |*bb) EXPEDITING;         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) []    |cc) [CAUTION] TAXI       |
|              | [];          |SLOWER [reason];         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) .              |dd) SLOWING DOWN.        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.12        |***a)  ()|***a) HOLD (direction) OF|
|      | (,         |(position, runway        |
|              |. .):                     |number, etc.);           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |***)   ; |***b) HOLD POSITION;     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |***)              |***c) HOLD (distance)    |
|              |()  ();    |FROM (position);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |***)          |***d) HOLD SHORT OF      |
|     |();                    |(position);              |
| |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |*) ;                 |*e) HOLDING;             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ().          |*f) HOLDING SHORT.       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |***      |*** Requires specific    |
|              |      |acknowledgement from the |
|              |.                     |pilot.                   |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .    |transmission. The        |
|              |       |procedure words ROGER    |
|              |,      |and WILCO are            |
|              |         |insufficient             |
|              |()          |acknowledgement of the   |
|              |  |instructions HOLD, HOLD  |
|              |        |POSITION and HOLD SHORT  |
|              |              |OF (position). In each   |
|              |.        |case the acknowledgement |
|              |      |shall be by the          |
|              |    |phraseology HOLDING or   |
|              |        |HOLDING SHORT, as        |
|              | ().              |appropriate.             |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.13     |*)     |*a) REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY |
|   |() ();      |(number); If the control |
|           |        |tower is unable to see   |
|              |    |the crossing aircraft    |
|              |       |(e. g. night, low        |
|              |(, ,  |visibility), the         |
|              |),   |instruction should       |
|              |        |always be accompanied by |
|              |           |a request to report when |
|              |    |the aircraft has vacated |
|              |.                     |the runway.              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ()  |b) CROSS RUNWAY (number) |
|              |[ ];    |[REPORT VACATED);        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |c) EXPEDITE CROSSING     |
|              |()   (|RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC  |
|              | )          |(aircraft type)          |
|              |()  (|(distance) KILOMETRES    |
|              |)   ;|(or MILES) FINAL;        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |d) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT |
|              |[] [ ()]  |[number] [RUNWAY         |
|              |(          |(number)] VIA (specific  |
|              |) [  |route to be followed),   |
|              | ()]             |[HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY    |
|              |[  ()];  |(number)] or [CROSS      |
|              |                            |RUNWAY (number)];        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  () .  |e) RUNWAY VACATED.       |
|              |                            |                         |
|           |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|- | .       |transmission.            |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|"          |                            |                         |
|",   |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
| .        |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.14        |)      |a) UNABLE TO ISSUE       |
|   |() ();    |(designator) DEPARTURE   |
|        |                            |(reasons);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   [   |b) REPORT WHEN READY     |
|              |, ];       |[FOR DEPARTURE);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   [ ,     |c) ARE YOU READY [FOR    |
|              |)?               |DEPARTURE]?;             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |d) ARE YOU READY FOR     |
|              |?                     |IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) ;                  |*e) READY;               |
|              |                            |                         |
|...  |)   |f) LINE UP [AND WAIT);   |
|   |(                |                         |
|         |) [ );  |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |**)           |**g) LINE UP RUNWAY      |
|              |         |(number);                |
|              |( ,  |                         |
|              | )    |                         |
|              | ();                |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  .|h) LINE UP. BE READY FOR |
|              |   |IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE;     |
|              |;                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...   |***) ()  |***i) (condition) LINE UP|
|    |       |(brief reiteration of    |
|              |( ,  |the condition);          |
|              | )    |                         |
|              |(          |                         |
|              |);                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |*) ()    |*f) (condition) LINING   |
| |         |UP (brief reiteration of |
|     |( )    |the condition);          |
|    |(          |                         |
|              |);                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |1) []  (  |k) [THAT IS] CORRECT (or |
| |) []...  |NEGATIVE) [I SAY         |
| -    |( ).         |AGAIN]... (as            |
|    |                            |appropriate).            |
|  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|              |**            |** When there is the     |
|              |    |possibility of confusion |
|              |   |during multiple runway   |
|              | .             |operations.              |
|              |*** ,    |*** Provisions concerning|
|              |       |the use of conditional   |
|              |,      |clearances are contained |
|              | 5.6   |in 5.6.                  |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.15        |)  ()      |a) RUNWAY (number)       |
|  | [ );     |CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF     |
|         |                            |[REPORT AIRBORNE];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |) (  )  |b) (traffic information) |
|   | ()  ; |RUNWAY (number) CLEARED  |
|   |                            |FOR TAKE-OFF;            |
||                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)    |c) TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY  |
| |  [()];|OR VACATE RUNWAY         |
|       |                            |[(instructions)];        |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |d) TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY  |
|              |  ;         |OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY; |
|              |                            |                         |
|...     |)   ,    |e) HOLD POSITION, CANCEL |
|  |  ,    |TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN     |
|         |  ();   |CANCEL TAKE-OFF          |
|              |                            |(reasons);               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)   ;       |*f) HOLDING;             |
|              |                            |                         |
|... - |)           |g) STOP IMMEDIATELY      |
|     |( )   |[(repeat aircraft call   |
|  |[(         |sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY]; |
|    | ) |                         |
|         | (         |                         |
|              |)];               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) , (  |*h) STOPPING;            |
|              |);                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)   [        |i) CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF  |
|       |()] (      |[FROM (location)]        |
|    |, ,     |(present position,       |
|              |     |taxiway, final approach  |
|              |,   );       |and take-off area,       |
|              |                            |runway and number);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)          |*j) REQUEST DEPARTURE    |
|              |;                     |INSTRUCTIONS;            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |k) AFTER DEPARTURE TURN  |
|              |  (   |RIGHT (or LEFT, or       |
|              |,   ) |CLIMB) (instructions as  |
|              |( ). |appropriate).            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .  |transmission. HOLDING    |
|              |"  "         |and STOPPING are the     |
|              |""            |procedural responses to  |
|              |        |e) and g) respectively.  |
|              |       |                         |
|              |  , )|                         |
|              | ).                       |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.16        |*)   ( )|*a) REQUEST RIGHT (or    |
|      |;                   |LEFT) TURN;              |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )       |b) RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN  |
|              | ;          |APPROVED;                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ( )     |c) WILL ADVISE LATER FOR |
|              |             |RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN;    |
|              |;              |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)  ;          |d) REPORT AIRBORNE;      |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ();         |e) AIRBORNE (time);      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |f) AFTER PASSING (level) |
|              |() ();       |(instructions);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)    (      |g) CONTINUE RUNWAY       |
|  | )(); |HEADING (instructions);  |
|          |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)    (   |h) TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE |
|    |) ();         |LINE (instructions);     |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|              |)     |i) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD  |
|              |().                 |(instructions).          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.17   |*) [  ]  |a) [aircraft type]       |
|   |() ()  |(position) (level) FOR   |
|  |   ;  |LANDING;                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)              |b) JOIN [(direction of   |
|              |(       |circuit)] (runway        |
|              |) (  )      |number) [SURFACE] WIND   |
|              |( ) []     |(direction and speed)    |
|              | (         |(units) [TEMPERATURE     |
|              |) (          |[MINUS (number)] QNH (or |
|              |) [     |QFE) (number) [(units)]  |
|              |[] ()] QNH (   |[TRAFFIC(detail)];       |
|              |QFE) () [(      |                         |
|              |)] [       |                         |
|              |()];                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN      |
|              |,  ()         |APPROACH, RUNWAY         |
|              |[]            |(number) [SURFACE] WIND  |
|              |(  )    |(direction and speed)    |
|              |( )         |(units) [TEMPERATURE     |
|              |[ []        |[MINUS (number)] QNH (or |
|              |()] QNH ( QFE)      |QFE) (number) [(units)]  |
|              |() [(           |[TRAFFIC (detail)];      |
|              |)] [       |                         |
|              |()];                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*) (  )  |*d) (aircraft type)      |
||() ()  |(position) (level)       |
|    | (     |INFORMATION (ATIS        |
|ATIS          |ATIS) ( );        |identification) FOR      |
|              |                            |LANDING;                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    (   |e) JOIN (position in     |
|              |) [ ()] QNH    |circuit) [RUNWAY         |
|              |( QFE) () [( |(number)] QNH (or QFE)   |
|              |)] [       |(number) [(units)]       |
|              |()].                 |[TRAFFIC (detail)].      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.18     |*) (  ,         |*a) (position in         |
|      |,       |circuit, e. g.           |
|         | /       |DOWNWIND/FINAL);         |
|              | );         |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ...   (|b) NUMBER... FOLLOW      |
|              |            |(aircraft type and       |
|              |) [        |position) [additional    |
|              | |instructions if          |
|              |].                  |required].               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.19        |)        |a) MAKE SHORT APPROACH;  |
|    |;                      |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|     |)    |b) MAKE LONG APPROACH    |
|"      |(         |(or EXTEND DOWNWIND);    |
|    |         |                         |
|"       | );        |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|,   |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |)   (  |c) REPORT BASF (or       |
|    | ,      |FINAL, or LONG FINAL);   |
| 7  (4 |,   ,  |                         |
|. )    |  );       |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|     |)   [|d) CONTINUE APPROACH     |
|       |    |[PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO |
|      | ].               |AROUND].                 |
|       |                            |                         |
|  15|                            |                         |
| (8 . )|                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|. |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|7  (4 .    |                            |                         |
|)  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| " |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| (    |                            |                         |
|)".     |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.20.       |)  ()       |a) RUNWAY (number)       |
|  |;                   |CLEARED TO LAND;         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |) (  )  |b) (traffic information) |
|   | ()          |RUNWAY (number) CLEARED  |
|   |;                   |TO LAND;                 |
||                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |)          |c) CLEARED TOUCH AND GO; |
|   |     |                         |
|        | (    |                         |
|              |  );         |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |d) MAKE FULL STOP;       |
|              | ;           |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)     |*) REQUEST LOW APPROACH |
|    |   (); |(reasons);               |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |)       |f) CLEARED LOW APPROACH  |
|              |[ ()] [          |[RUNWAY (number)]        |
|              |        |[(altitude restriction   |
|              |  )      |if required) (go around  |
|              |(    |instructions)};          |
|              |)];                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)      |*g) REQUEST LOW PASS     |
|    |   ();  |(reasons);               |
| |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |)     |h) CLEARED LOW PASS [as  |
|              | [ ,    f)]; |in f)];                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)     (|i) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN   |
|       | ,  ( )|(or CIRCLING APPROACH,   |
|    | ());          |LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO  |
|              |                            |(location));             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or  |
|              |(   ,   |CIRCLING APPROACH, LEFT  |
|              |( )        |(or RIGHT) TURN TO       |
|              |(, , ,        |(location, runway,       |
|              |    |taxiway. final approach  |
|              |  )) [|and take-off area))      |
|              |(  )      |[ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL     |
|              |(,   )]. |ROUTE) (number, name, or |
|              |[  (|code)]. [HOLD SHORT OF   |
|              |,       |(active runway, extended |
|              |   . .)].        |runway centre line,      |
|              |[ (  |other)]. [REMAIN         |
|              | )  (,    |(direction or distance)  |
|              |  ,     |FROM (runway, runway     |
|              |        |centre line, other       |
|              |)]. [  ( |helicopter or            |
|              |,            |aircraft)]. [CAUTION     |
|              | ,   |(power lines,            |
|              |        |unlighted obstructions,  |
|              |. .)].  .  |wake turbulence, etc.)]..|
|              |                            |CLEARED TO LAND.         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
 1.3.21        |)    |a) CIRCLE THE AERODROME; |
|      | ;             |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )       |b) ORBIT (RIGHT, or      |
|              |(  ) [      |LEFT) [FROM PRESENT      |
|              | ];              |POSITION];               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |c) MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT. |
|              |( ).          |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.22  |)    ;  |a) GO AROUND;            |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |*)    .   |*b) GOING AROUND.        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.23        |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...    |) , -,      |a) LANDING GEAR APPERS   |
|        |;                   |DOWN;                    |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( ,    |b) RIGHT (or LEFT, or    |
|              |) ,            |NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP   |
|              |-,  (    |(or DOWN);               |
|              |);                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) , -,      |c) WHEELS APPEAR UP;     |
|              |;                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( ,    |d) RIGHT (or LEFT, or    |
|              |) ,            |NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT     |
|              |-,   ( |APPEAR UP (DOWN);        |
|              | );               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |) ,    |e) CAUTION WAKE          |
||[  (       |TURBULENCE [FROM         |
|        |) ( |ARRIVING (or DEPARTING)  |
|              |)] [   |(type of aircraft)]      |
|              | ]; |[additional information  |
|              |                            |as required];            |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |) ,     |f) CAUTION JET BLAST;    |
|       |;                      |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|            |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |) ,          |g) CAUTION SLIPSTREAM.   |
|    | ;           |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.3.24        |)        |a) CONTACT GROUND        |
|  |();                  |(frequency);             |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |)         |b) WHEN VACATED CONTACT  |
|              |          |GROUND (frequency);      |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;   |c) EXPEDITE VACATING;    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    (  |d) YOUR STAND (or GATE)  |
|              |, ) ();      |(designation);           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (          |e) TAKE (or TURN) FIRST  |
|              |)  (  |(or SECOND, or           |
|              |,    ) |CONVENIENT) LEFT (or     |
|              | ( )       |RIGHT) AND CONTACT       |
|              |          |GROUND (frequency);      |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)           |f) AIR-TAXI TO           |
|       |()      |HELICOPTER STAND (or)    |
|    | ()       |HELICOPTER PARKING       |
|              |  ();  |POSITION (area);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |g) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA)  |
|              |()  ( )|(location or routing as  |
|              |(    |appropriate) [CAUTION    |
|              |) [ (,  |(dust, blowing snow,     |
|              |, ,      |loose debris, taxiing    |
|              |  , |light aircraft,          |
|              | . .)];                  |personnel, etc.)];       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |h) AIR-TAXI VIA (direct,,|
|              |() (,  |as requested, or         |
|              |        |specified route) TO      |
|              | )  |(location, heliport,     |
|              |(, ,          |operating or movement    |
|              |  |area, active or inactive |
|              |,      |runway). AVOID (aircraft |
|              | ).  |or vehicles or           |
|              | (        |personnel).              |
|              | ,   |                         |
|              |).                      |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4                                       |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.1         |)  [   |a) ESTIMATE [direction of|
|    |] ( |flight] (aircraft call   |
||) [ ()    |sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR    |
|        |( )] ()  |code)] (type) ESTIMATED  |
|              |( ) ()    |(significant point)      |
|              |() (     |(time) (level) (or       |
|              |()  ())     |DESCENDING FROM (level)  |
|              |[ (       |TO (level)) [SPEED (filed|
|              |           |TAS)] (route) [REMARKS]; |
|              |)] ()        |                         |
|              |[];                |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... |)  (      |b) ESTIMATE (significant |
|         |)  (        |point) ON (aircraft call |
|              | );          |sign);                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |)  ;          |c) NO DETAILS;           |
|  |                            |                         |
| (  |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| ) |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |(  )      |(aircraft type)          |
|  |( );         |(destination);           |
| (  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| ) |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |[ ()( )]|[SQUAWKING (SSR code)]   |
|   |[] ( )|[ESTIMATED] (significant |
|        |()  ().       |point) (time) AT (level);|
|              |                            |                         |
|              |     |In the event that flight |
|              |      |plan details are not     |
|              |   b)      |available the receiving  |
|              |"  ",        |station shall reply to b)|
|              |   |NO DETAILS and           |
|              |  , |transmitting station     |
|              |    ); |shall pass full estimate |
|              |                            |as in a).                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE|
|              |    |BALLOON(S)               |
|              | ()      |(identification and      |
|              |(     |classification) ESTIMATED|
|              |)              |OVER (place) AT (time)   |
|              |  () |REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) |
|              |()  ()|(figure or figures) [or  |
|              | (  )    |FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN]    |
|              |[            |MOVING (direction)       |
|              |]         |ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED   |
|              |()      |(figure) (other pertinent|
|              |  ()    |information, if any);    |
|              |(     |                         |
|              |,      |                         |
|              |);                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |e) REVISION (aircraft    |
|              |(  ) |call sign) (details as   |
|              |( ,         |necessary).              |
|              | ).  |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.2         |)   |a) REQUEST RELEASE OF    |
|      |(  );|(aircraft call sign);    |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |)  (     |b) (aircraft call sign)  |
|              | )   |RELEASED [AT (time)]     |
|              |[ ()]                 |[conditions/             |
|              |(/];      |restrictions];           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |) IS (aircraft call     |
|              |(  ) |sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB|
|              |[   (     |(or DESCENT)]?;          |
|              |)]?                 |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (     |d) (aircraft call sign)  |
|              | )  |NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time|
|              |[ (       |or significant point)];  |
|              |)];                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (     |e) UNABLE (aircraft call |
|              | )   |sign) [TRAFFIC IS        |
|              |  [           |(details)].              |
|              |()].             |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.3         |)         |a) MAY WE CHANGE         |
|     |                  |CLEARANCE OF (aircraft   |
|    |(  ) |call sign) TO (details of|
|              | (             |alteration proposed);    |
|              | )    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (   |b) AGREED TO (alteration |
|              |)  (   |of clearance) OF         |
|              | );          |(aircraft call sign);    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |c) UNABLE (aircraft call |
|              |(  );|sign);                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)           |d) UNABLE (desired route,|
|              |( ,  |level, etc.) [FOR        |
|              |. .) [ (       |(aircraft call sign)]    |
|              | )]          |[DUE (reason)]           |
|              |[ ()]      |(alternative clearance   |
|              |(             |proposed).               |
|              | ). |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.4   |)   (|a) APPROVAL REQUEST      |
|   | )  |(aircraft call sign)     |
|              |  (     |ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM |
|              |) ();             |(significant point) AT   |
|              |                            |(time);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (      |b) (aircraft call sign)  |
|              |)  [(    |REQUEST APPROVED         |
|              |)];              |[(restriction if any)];  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (      |c) (aircraft call sign)  |
|              |)       |UNABLE (alternative      |
|              |( ).  |instructions).           |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.5         |[      |a) [INBOUND RELEASE]     |
|      |] (         |(aircraft call sign)     |
|    | ) [    |[SQUAWKING (SSR code)]   |
|   |( )] ()  ( |(type) FROM (departure   |
|              |)   |point) RELEASED AT       |
|              | ( ,       |(significant point, or   |
|              |,  )    |time, or level) CLEARED  |
|              |     |TO AND ESTIMATING        |
|              | (  |(clearance limit) (time) |
|              |) ()       |AT (level) [EXPECTED     |
|              |() [   |APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY|
|              |     |EXPECTED] CONTACT AT     |
|              |  ]    |(time).                  |
|              |  ().            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.6         |          |a) HANDOVER (aircraft    |
|      |(  ) |call sign) [SQUAWKING    |
|    |[ ( )]          |(SSR code)] POSITION     |
|              |              |(aircraft position)      |
|              |(   |(level).                 |
|              |) ().           |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.7         |)        |a) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE    |
|     |(  ) |(aircraft call sign)     |
|    |      |EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM  |
|              |()  ();          |(place) AT (time);       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)        |b) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE    |
|              |(  ) |(aircraft call sign)     |
|              |[ ]        |[ESTIMATED] OVER (place) |
|              |()  ()           |AT (time) REQUESTS (level|
|              | (     |or route, etc.).         |
|              |  . .).           |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.4.8  |                            |                         |
|
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|(RVSM)        |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |a) RVSM HE    |a) NEGATIVE RVSM         |
|       |[( ,|[(supplementary          |
|    |,    |information, e. g. State |
|     | )];          |aircraft)];              |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|,      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|RVSM,      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|,  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|. 18    |                            |                         |
|,  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|,   |                            |                         |
|,|                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)  RVSM   |b) UNABLE RVSM DUE       |
|      |    |TURBULENCE (or           |
|       |( ,         |EQUIPMENT, as            |
|  | ).   |applicable).             |
|,|                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|,       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
| RVSM   |                            |                         |
|-  |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|,         |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
| ,  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.5                    |
|- ( - PDLC)                                      |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|1.5.1         |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |) [ ]  CPDLC|a) [ALL STATIONS] CPDLC  |
|CPDLC         |();                 |FAILURE (instructions);  |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |)    |b) CPDLC MESSAGE FAILURE |
| |CPDLC (      |(appropriate clearance,  |
|    |, ,       |instruction, information |
|     |  );     |or request);             |
|CPDLC         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)    |c) DISREGARD CPDLC       |
|   | (    |(message content or      |
|,   | ) CPDLC,  |type) MESSAGE, BREAK,    |
|,     |(    |(correct clearance,      |
|    |, ,       |instruction, information |
|   |  );     |or request);             |
|CPDLC         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |) [ ]  |d) [ALL STATIONS] STOP   |
|      |  CPDLC [ |SENDING CPDLC REQUESTS   |
|  | ]         |[UNTIL ADVISED]          |
|   |[()];                |[(reason)];              |
|   |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|CPDLC        |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |) [ ] |e) [ALL STATIONS] RESUME |
| |  CPDLC.    |NORMAL CPDLC OPERATIONS. |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|CPDLC         |                            |                         |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|2.     E                  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|.   ,            |
|  ,       |
|     . ,           |
|            |
|        ,    |
|            |
|  .                                              |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|2.1                 |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.1         |)   [   |a) REPORT HEADING [AND   |
|   | ( )];       |FLIGHT LEVEL (or         |
|    |                            |ALTITUDE)];              |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |)    |b) FOR IDENTIFICATION    |
|              | ( )  (|TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)     |
|              |);                     |HEADING (three digits);  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) TRANSMIT FOR          |
|              |;                       |IDENTIFICATION AND       |
|              |                            |REPORT HEADING;          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |d)   |d) RADAR CONTACT         |
|              |[];           |[position];              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)                  |e) IDENTIFIED            |
|              |[];           |[position];              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  [],    |f) NOT IDENTIFIED        |
|              |[  (      |[reason], [RESUME (or    |
|              |) |CONTINUE) OWN            |
|              |].          |NAVIGATION].             |
|--------------|----------------------------|------------------------ |
|2.1.2         | ()          |POSITION (distance)      |
|   |()  (  |(direction) OF           |
||) ( ,       |(significant point) (or  |
|              | ( )). |OVER or ABEAM            |
|              |                            |(significant point)).    |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.3         |)  [ )|a) LEAVE (significant    |
|   | ( );           |point) HEADING (three    |
|     |                            |digits);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (     |b) CONTINUE HEADING      |
|              |);                     |(three digits);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (  |c) CONTINUE PRESENT      |
|              |)  ( HE  |HEADING;                 |
|              |);                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( );        |d) FLY HEADING (three    |
|              |                            |digits);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )       |e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|              |  (          |HEADING (three digits))  |
|              |)[].            |[reason];                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (     |f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|              |)  (     |(number of degrees)      |
|              |)           |DEGREES [reason];        |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |g) STOP TURN HEADING     |
|              | ( );           |(three digits);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    (   |h) FLY HEADING (three    |
|              |),            |digits), WHEN ABLE       |
|              |    |PROCEED DIRECT (name)    |
|              | () (     |(significant point);     |
|              |);                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  .         |i) HEADING IS GOOD.      |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.4         |)     |a) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION |
|   |(   |(position of aircraft)   |
|    |) (          |(specific instructions); |
|              |);                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION |
|              |[ ) ( ) |[DIRECT]                 |
|              |[   (|(significant point)      |
|              |)  ()   |[MAGNETIC TRACK (three   |
|              | ( )].     |digits) DISTANCE (number)|
|              |                            |KILOMETRES (or MILES)].  |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.5  |)          |a) MAKE A THREE SIXTY    |
|              |     |TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)     |
|              |( ) [];      |[reason];                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )  |b) ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) |
|              |() [];         |[reason];                |
|              |                            |                         |
|... (  |)    |c) MAKE ALL TURNS RATE   |
|    |   |ONE (or RATE HALF, or    |
|        |   (   |(number) DEGREES PER     |
|      |     |SECOND) START AND STOP   |
|,     |,  () |ALL TURNS ON COMMAND     |
|   | )        |"NOW";                   |
|   |   |                         |
|              | "";       |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|              |)   (      |d) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|              |) .         |NOW;                     |
|          |                            |                         |
|,      |)        |e) STOP TURN NOW.        |
|         |.                 |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|,     |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|:  |                            |                         |
|)  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|;     |                            |                         |
|b)         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|;    |                            |                         |
|)  |                            |                         |
|;     |                            |                         |
|d)   |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|(  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|,  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|)       |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.6         |)   (  |a) REPORT SPEED;         |
|    |);                  |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ()        |*b) SPEED (number)       |
|              |   (       |KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or  |
|              |);                     |KNOTS);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)              |) MAINTAIN (number)     |
|              |()()         |KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or  |
|              |   ( )|KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or   |
|              |[  (  )] |[OR LESS)] [UNTIL        |
|              |[ ( )];      |(significant point)];    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ()    |d) DO NOT EXCEED (number)|
|              |   (       |KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or  |
|              |);                     |KNOTS);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)        |e) MAINTAIN PRESENT      |
|              |;                   |SPEED;                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )|f) INCREASE (or REDUCE)  |
|              |  ()         |SPEED TO (number)        |
|              |   ( )|KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or  |
|              |[  (  ]; |KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or OR|
|              |                            |LESS)];                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( )|g) INCREASE (or REDUCE)  |
|              |  ()         |SPEED BY (number)        |
|              |   (       |KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or  |
|              |);                     |KNOTS);                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |h) RESUME NORMAL SPEED;  |
|              |;                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ()       |i) REDUCE TO MINIMUM     |
|              |       |APPROACH SPEED;          |
|              | (      |                         |
|              |);                    |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |j) REDUCE TO MINIMUM     |
|              |  ( |CLEAN SPEED;             |
|              |);                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   .|k) NO [] SPEED        |
|              |                            |RESTRICTIONS.            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.7         |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)    |a) OMIT POSITION REPORTS |
|     |  [        |[UNTIL (specify)];       |
|    |()];                 |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |)   (     |b) NEXT REPORT AT        |
|              |);                     |(significant point);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |c) REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY |
|              |           |AT (significant          |
|              |(  ());   |points(s));              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |d) RESUME POSITION       |
|              |  . |REPORTING.               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |                         |
|              |(  ) |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.8         |)   ()          |a) TRAFFIC (number)      |
|   |() (   |O'CLOCK (distance)       |
|        |) [        |(direction of flight)    |
|     |            |[any other pertinent     |
|        |];                |information];            |
|    |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |1) ;             |1) UNKNOWN;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |2)  ;        |2) SLOW MOVING;          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |3)           |3) FAST MOVING;          |
|              | ();         |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |4) ;            |4) CLOSING;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |5)  ( ) |5) OPPOSITE (or SAME)    |
|              |                            |DIRECTION;               |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |6) ;                |6) OVERTAKING;           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |7)    |7) CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT|
|              |(  );        |(or RIGHT TO             |
|              |                            |LEFT);                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|... (     |8) (  );  |8) (aircraft type);      |
|)     |                            |                         |
|              |9) ();               |9) (level);              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |10)   (    |10) CLIMBING (or         |
|              |);                 |DESCENDING);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |*)  ;       |*b) REQUEST VECTORS;     |
|      |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|              |)   ?;   |) DO YOU WANT VECTORS?; |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)          |d) CLEAR OF TRAFFIC      |
|       |[ ]. |[appropriate             |
|  |                            |instructions];           |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...        |)   (      |e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
||)   (|IMMEDIATELY              |
|  |)     |HEADlNG(three digits)    |
|              |               |TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED]  |
|              |[]     |TRAFFIC (bearing by      |
|              | (       |clock-reference and      |
|              |           |distance);               |
|              |  );   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (      |f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|              |) ( )    |(number of degrees)      |
|              |       |DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO   |
|              |  |AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED]     |
|              | []   |TRAFFIC AT (bearing by   |
|              | (       |clock-reference and      |
|              |           |distance).               |
|              |  ).   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.9   |) []         |a) [IF] RADIO CONTACT    |
|   | ();        |LOST (instructions);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |b) IF NO TRANSMISSIONS   |
|              |      |RECEIVED FOR (number)    |
|              |()  ( )  |MINUTES (or SECONDS)     |
|              |();                 |(instructions);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)            |c) REPLY NOT RECEIVED    |
|              |();                 |(instructions);          |
|              |                            |                         |
|...       |)         |d) IF YOU READ           |
| |[         |[manoeuvre instructions  |
|   |  (    |or SQUAWK (code or       |
|              |)];              |IDENT)];                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) (,         |e) (manoeuvre, SQUAWK or |
|              |) .      |IDENT) OBSERVED.         |
|              |              |POSITION (position of    |
|              |[   |aircraft)                |
|              |) [()].        |[(instructions)].        |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.10        |)          |a) RADAR SERVICE (or     |
|   | (           |IDENTIFICATION)          |
|-|)      |TERMINATED [DUE          |
|          |[ ()]      |(reason)]                |
|  |();                 |(instructions);          |
|/         |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|( -      |                            |                         |
|ADS-B)        |                            |                         |
|              |)    |b) WILL SHORTLY LOSE     |
|              |           |IDENTIFICATION           |
|              |(    |(appropriate             |
|              | );            |instructions or          |
|              |                            |information);            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |c) IDENTIFICATION LOST   |
|              | []           |[reasons]                |
|              |().                 |(instructions).          |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.1.11        |)   |a) SECONDARY RADAR OUT   |
|     | (  |OF SERVICE (appropriate  |
| | );|information as           |
|-|                            |necessary);              |
|          |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|/         |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|ADS-B         |                            |                         |
|              |)   |b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF  |
|              | (  |SERVICE (appropriate     |
|              | );|information as           |
|              |                            |necessary);              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ADS-B   (   |c) ADS-B OUT OF SERVICE  |
|              |               |(appropriate information |
|              | ).|as necessary).           |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.              |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.1         |)    |a) VECTORING FOR (type   |
|    |()  ( ,   |of pilot-interpreted     |
|   |           |aid) APPROACH RUNWAY     |
|       | );  |(number);                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)             |b) VECTORING FOR VISUAL  |
|              |        |APPROACH RUNWAY (number) |
|              |() ,      |REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) |
|              |  ( );    |IN SIGHT;                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) VECTORING FOR         |
|              |(    |(positioning in the      |
|              | );            |circuit);                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |) VECTORING FOR         |
|              |  ();         |PRECISION APPROACH RUNWAY|
|              |                            |(number);                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ()            |f) (type) APPROACH NOT   |
|              | ()    |AVAILABLE DUE (reason)   |
|              |( ).          |(alternative             |
|              |                            |instructions).           |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.2         |)  ()  |a) POSITION (number)     |
|  |( )  (  |KILOMETRES (or MILES)    |
|-|).        |from (fix). TURN LEFT (or|
|    |( ) (      |RIGHT) HEADING (three    |
|      |)   ( );|digits);                 |
|(ILS)  |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|,     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|              |)            |b) YOU WILL INTERCEPT    |
|              |( )       |(radio aid or track)     |
|              |  ( )     |(distance) FROM          |
|              |()  (   |(significant point or    |
|              |               |TOUCHDOWN);              |
|              |);               |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...      |*)    |*c) REQUEST (distance)   |
|    |();               |FINAL;                   |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (      |d) CLEARED FOR (type of  |
|              |  )       |approach) APPROACH RUNWAY|
|              |();                    |(number);                |
|              |                            |                         |
|...   |)   |e) REPORT ESTABLISHED ON |
|   |[ILS] (            |[ILS] LOCALIZER (or ON   |
|              |GBAS/SBAS/MLS);             |GBAS/SBAS/MLS APPROACH   |
|              |                            |COURSE);                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (     |f) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or |
|              |) [ ];   |RIGHT) [REPORT           |
|              |                            |ESTABLISHED];            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (      |g) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|              |)  ( )    |HEADING (three digits)   |
|              |[ ]  [ |[TO INTERCEPT] or [REPORT|
|              |);                     |ESTABLISHED];            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |h) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS  |
|              | (     |(localizer course or     |
|              |) ();   |radio aid) (reason);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |i) THIS TURN WILL TAKE   |
|              |  (   |YOU THROUGH (localizer   |
|              |  )      |course or radio aid)     |
|              |[];                  |[reason];                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)            |j) TAKING YOU THROUGH    |
|              | [];       |(localizer course or     |
|              |                            |radio aid) [reason];     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  (        |k) MAINTAIN (altitude)   |
|              |) ()      |UNTIL GLIDE PATH         |
|              |  ;           |INTERCEPTION;            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    ;|l) REPORT ESTABLISHED ON |
|              |                            |GLIDE PATH;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (   |m) INTERCEPT (localizer  |
|              |  )      |course or radio aid)     |
|              |[ ].          |[REPORT ESTABLISHED].    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.3         |)   (      |a) CLEARED FOR (type of  |
||  )     |approach) APPROACH RUNWAY|
|           |()  ( ); |(number) LEFT (or RIGHT);|
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |)   (  |b) YOU HAVE CROSSED THE  |
|              |,    |LOCALIZER (or GBAS/      |
|              |      |SBAS/MLS FINAL APPROACH  |
|              |  GBAS/SBAS/MLS).  |COURSE). TURN LEFT (or   |
|              |    |RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND   |
|              |( )  |RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER  |
|              |   (    |(or GBAS/SBAS/MLS FINAL  |
|              |   |APPROACH COURSE);        |
|              |                 |                         |
|              |GBAS/SBAS/MLS);             |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ILS ( MLS)  ()|c) ILS (or MLS) RUNWAY   |
|              | ( )   |(number) LEFT (or RIGHT) |
|              |  (   |LOCALIZER (or MLS)       |
|              |MLS) ();             |FREQUENCY IS (frequency);|
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |)   (    |d) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT)  |
|  |) [() ]  |(number) DEGREES (or     |
|,     | [  ( )]   |HEADING) (three digits)  |
|         |           |IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID     |
|   |          |TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM  |
|     |[      |ADJACENT APPROACH], CLIMB|
|   |           |TO (level);              |
|  NTZ    |],          |                         |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|...           |)  ()      |) CLIMB (level)         |
|  |              |IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID     |
|      |   |TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM  |
| 120     | [       |ADJACENT APPROACH]       |
|(400 )  |     |(further instructions).  |
|   | ] ( |                         |
| ,   |).                  |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
| (PAOAS)   |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.1       |)     |a) THIS WILL BE A        |
||  |PRECISION RADAR APPROACH |
|  |  ();             |RUNWAY (number);         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |b) PRECISION APPROACH NOT|
|              |  |AVAILABLE DUE (reason)   |
|              |() (   |(alternative             |
|              |);                  |instructions);           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |c) IN CASE OF GO AROUND  |
|              | ().            |(instructions).          |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.2  |)    |a) DO NOT ACKNOWLEDGE    |
|              | ;           |FURTHER TRANSMISSIONS;   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   .    |b) REPLY NOT RECEIVED.   |
|              |  . |WILL CONTINUE            |
|              |                            |INSTRUCTIONS.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.3       |)  [ ( |a) CLOSING [SLOWLY (or   |
|        |)] [ (        |QUICKLY)] [FROM THE      |
|              |)];                   |LEFT(or FROM THE RIGHT)];|
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;         |b) HEADING IS GOOD;      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ;           |c) ON TRACK;             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( , |d) SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or |
|              | (  )    |GOING) LEFT (or RIGHT) OF|
|              | ;                 |TRACK;                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ()    |e) (number) METRES LEFT  |
|              |)  .         |(or RIGHT) OF TRACK.     |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.4   |)   ;    |a) APPROACHING GLIDE     |
|         |                            |PATH;                    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   [   |b) COMMENCE DESCENT NOW  |
|              | ()    |[AT (number) METRES PER  |
|              |  ()   |SECOND OR (number) FEET  |
|              | (     |PER MINUTE (or ESTABLISH |
|              | () )];|A (number) DEGREE GLIDE  |
|              |                            |PATH)];                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)          |c) RATE OF DESCENT IS    |
|              |;                 |GOOD;                    |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;             |d) ON GLIDE PATH;        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ( , |e) SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or |
|              |)  ( )      |GOING) ABOVE (or BELOW)  |
|              |;                   |GLIDE PATH;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) [ ] ()  |f) [STILL] (number)      |
|              |( )  ( );|METRES (or FEET) TOO HIGH|
|              |                            |(or TOO LOW);            |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |g) ADJUST RATE OF        |
|              |;                   |DESCENT;                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  [  |h) COMING BACK [SLOWLY   |
|              |( )]  ;  |(or QUICKLY)] TO THE     |
|              |                            |GLIDE PATH;              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)    |i) RESUME NORMAL RATE OF |
|              | ;          |DESCENT;                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |j) ELEVATION ELEMENT     |
|              | (      |UNSERVICEABLE (to be     |
|              | );  |followed by appropriate  |
|              |                            |instructions);           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |) ()      |k) (distance) FROM       |
|              | ( ).       |TOUCHDOWN (FROM RW).     |
|              | (             |ALTITUDE (or HEIGHT)     |
|              |)  |SHOULD BE (numbers and   |
|              | (         |units).                  |
|              |).                 |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.5       |) ()      |a) (distance) FROM       |
|| ( );       |TOUCHDOWN (FROM RW);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   ;  |b) OVER APPROACH LIGHTS; |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  .             |c) OVER THRESHOLD.       |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.6       |)     |a) CHECK GEAR DOWN AND   |
|      |  ;         |LOCKED;                  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)   (|b) CHECK DECISION        |
|              |)        |ALTITUDE (or HEIGHT).    |
|              | .           |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.7       |) ,    |a) REPORT VISUAL;        |
|    |;                      |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|              |) ,    |b) REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS]|
|              | [ ];             |IN SIGHT;                |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.2.5.8   |)          |a) CONTINUE VISUALLY OR  |
|      |       |GO AROUND [missed        |
|          |  [     |approach instructions];  |
|              |   ];      |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |b) GO AROUND IMMEDIATELY |
|              |  [     |[missed approach         |
|              |   ]       |instructions] (reason);  |
|              |();                  |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |c) ARE YOU GOING AROUND?;|
|              |?;                      |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)       |d) IF GOING AROUND       |
|              | (       |(appropriate             |
|              |);                  |instructions);           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)    .   |*e) GOING AROUND.        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3 ,       |
| ( - )  ADS-B                                 |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.1      |)       |a) ADVISE TRANSPONDER    |
|      |;                  |CAPABILITY;              |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |*)  (      |*b) TRANSPONDER (as shown|
|          |   ); |in the flight plan);     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  .   |*c) NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER.|
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|              |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.2      |)       |a) ADVISE ADS-B          |
|      |ADS-B;                      |CAPABILITY;              |
|  |                            |                         |
|  |*)  ADS-B ( |*b) ADS-B TRANSMITTER    |
|ADS-B         | );           |(data link);             |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ADS-B (   |*c) ADS-B RECEIVER (data |
|              | );           |link);                   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*) ADS-B ,      |*d) NEGATIVE ADS-B.      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.3      |)    ();  |a) FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK  |
|      |                            |(code);                  |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|-|)  ().             |b) SQUAWK (code).        |
|            |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.4      |)   |a) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] |
|      |[()] ();            |(code);                  |
|        |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |*)     |*b) RESETTING (mode)     |
|   |()().               |(code).                  |
|     |                            |                         |
|           |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.5.     |             |REENTER [ADS-B or MODE S]|
|      |       |AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION. |
|       |  [ADS-B  |                         |
|      | S].                   |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.6.     |)   (); |a) CONFIRM SQUAWK (code);|
|      |                            |                         |
|        |*)  ().            |*b) SQUAWKING (code).    |
|       |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|,          |                            |                         |
| |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|            | .       |transmission.            |
|-|                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.7      |)  [()] []        |a) SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] |
|      |;                |IDENT;                   |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|"" |)  ;            |b) SQUAWK LOW;           |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;        |c) SQUAWK NORMAL;        |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |d) TRANSMIT ADS-B IDENT. |
|              |ADS-B.                      |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.8.     |   .      |SQUAWK STANDBY.          |
|      |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|            |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.9.     | "" [         |SQUAWK MAYDAY [CODE      |
|      |---].       |SEVEN-SEVEN-ZERO-ZERO].  |
|       |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.10.    |)  "" [     |a) STOP SQUAWK [TRANSMIT |
|      | ADS-B);            |ADS-B ONLY];             |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |)   ADS-B|b) STOP ADS-B            |
||[       |TRANSMISSION [SQUAWK     |
|/         |()].                     |(cod) ONLY].             |
|    |                            |                         |
|ADS-B         |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|  S  |                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|ADS-B    |                            |                         |
|            |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|         |                            |                         |
|(,   |                            |                         |
| ,   |                            |                         |
| ADS-B   |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|-|                            |                         |
|   |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|1090 ).   |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|  |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
| ,   |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|ADS-B.        |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.11     |)  "";           |a) SQUAWK CHARLIE;       |
|      |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|              |)   ADS-B.  |b) TRANSMIT ADS-B        |
|              |                            |ALTITUDE.                |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.12     |          |CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING  |
|      |      |AND CONFIRM (level).     |
|       |().                  |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|          |                            |                         |
| |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.13     |)       |a) STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE   |
|      |(   ),     |WRONG INDICATION;        |
|       | ;     |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|      |                            |                         |
|- |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|-  |                            |                         |
||                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|   |)        |b) STOP ADS-B ALTITUDE   |
|       | ADS-B [  |TRANSMISSION [(WRONG     |
|     |  ].     |INDICATION, or reason)]. |
|        |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|2.3.14     | ().      |CONFIRM (level).         |
|      |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|     |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|3.             |
|  ( - ADS-C)                                |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|3.1   ADS-                                          |
|--------------|------------------------------------------------------|
|3.1.1         |ADS-C ( ADS-)   (          |
|     |  ).            |
| |ADS-C (or ADS-CONTRACT) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate   |
|ADS-C         |information as necessary).                            |
|--------------|------------------------------------------------------|
|4.                                 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|4.1                                |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|4.1.1.        |(  ) |(aircraft call sign) LOW |
||        |ALTITUDE WARNING, CHECK  |
|  |,  |YOUR ALTITUDE            |
|              |  QNH\QFE () |IMMEDIATELY, QNH IS      |
|              |( ).        |(number) (units). [THE   |
|              |[    |MINIMUM FLIGHT ALTITUDE  |
|              |()].                  |IS (altitude)).          |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|4.1.2.        |(  ) |(aircraft call sign)     |
||     |TERRAIN ALERT,           |
|     | (        |(suggested pilot action, |
|         |      |if possible).            |
|              |).                    |                         |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|5. ,          |
|                                                       |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|5.1 ,         |
|                                                       |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|5.1.1   |) []       |a) [ARE YOU] READY TO    |
|    |?                 |START UP?;               |
|(     |                            |                         |
|/-|*)   (()|*b) STARTING NUMBER      |
| )   |).                |(engine number(s)).      |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |   |The ground crew should   |
|              |      |follow this exchange by  |
|              |         |either a reply on the    |
|              |,     |intercom or a distinct   |
|              |    |visual signal to indicate|
|              | ,  , |that all is clear and    |
|              |      |that the start-up as     |
|              |        |indicated may proceed.   |
|              |       |Unambiguous              |
|              |.   |identification of the    |
|              |          |parties concerned is     |
|              |    |essential in any         |
|              |          |communications between   |
|              |  |ground crew and pilots.  |
|              |.                     |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|
|5.1.2         |                            |                         |
|    |                            |                         |
|       |                            |                         |
|        |                            |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|... ( |)    ?|a) ARE YOU READY FOR     |
|/     |                            |PUSHBACK?;               |
|        |                            |                         |
|)      |*)   ;   |*b) READY FOR PUSHBACK;  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)     |c) CONFIRM BRAKES        |
|              |;                   |RELEASED;                |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ;      |*d) BRAKES RELEASED;     |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |e) COMMENCING PUSHBACK;  |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)  ;  |f) PUSHBACK COMPLETED;   |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ;   |*g) STOP PUSHBACK;       |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)      |h) CONFIRM BRAKES SET;   |
|              |;                   |                         |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ;       |*i) BRAKES SET;          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*)  ;         |*j) DISCONNECT;          |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |)         |k) DISCONNECTING STAND BY|
|              |     |FOR VISUAL AT YOUR LEFT  |
|              |( ).               |(or RIGHT).              |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |    |This exchange is followed|
|              |  ,   |by a visual signal to the|
|              |  ,       |pilot to indicate that   |
|              |     |disconnect is completed  |
|              |  .            |and all is clear for     |
|              |                            |taxiing.                 |
|              |                            |                         |
|              |*  ,   |* Denotes pilot          |
|              | .       |transmission.            |
|--------------|----------------------------|-------------------------|


                              __________